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Phenolic distribution, antioxidant activity, and enzyme inhibitory properties of eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) cultivated in two different locations within Nigeria.
J Food Biochem. 2019 06; 43(6):e12797.JF

Abstract

Solanum aethiopicum is commonly cultivated in Nigeria for its nutritional and medicinal properties. Although, information on the possible effect of location on the biological activities of S. aethiopicum has not been reported, however, present research work investigated the phenolic contents and distribution, antioxidative properties, and enzyme inhibitory activities of S. aethiopicum collected from two locations in Nigeria. HPLC phenolic profile, polyphenol contents, free radical scavenging activities, and inhibitory effect of eggplant extracts on carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes were carried out. Significant variations were observed in the phenolic profile, polyphenol contents, antioxidant activities, and enzymes inhibitory properties of the extracts from different locations. In most of the analyses carried out, extract of eggplant fruit collected from Uyo (UEF) showed higher activities than the one obtained from Ibadan (IEF). Thus, findings from this study revealed that geographical location may influence the phenolic contents, antioxidant, and enzymes inhibitory properties of eggplant fruits. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The geographical location of a particular place determines the nature and biological activities of plants cultivated in the area. Hence, we presented the effect of location on the phenolic profile, antioxidant, and enzyme inhibitory properties of eggplant fruit (S. aethiopicum) cultivated in two different locations in Nigeria. However, data generated in this study showed the effect of location on phenolic composition and biological activities of eggplant fruit cultivated in Nigeria.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Functional Foods and Nutraceutical Unit, Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.Functional Foods and Nutraceutical Unit, Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.Functional Foods and Nutraceutical Unit, Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.Functional Foods and Nutraceutical Unit, Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31353619

Citation

Nwanna, Esther E., et al. "Phenolic Distribution, Antioxidant Activity, and Enzyme Inhibitory Properties of Eggplant (Solanum Aethiopicum) Cultivated in Two Different Locations Within Nigeria." Journal of Food Biochemistry, vol. 43, no. 6, 2019, pp. e12797.
Nwanna EE, Adebayo AA, Ademosun AO, et al. Phenolic distribution, antioxidant activity, and enzyme inhibitory properties of eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) cultivated in two different locations within Nigeria. J Food Biochem. 2019;43(6):e12797.
Nwanna, E. E., Adebayo, A. A., Ademosun, A. O., & Oboh, G. (2019). Phenolic distribution, antioxidant activity, and enzyme inhibitory properties of eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) cultivated in two different locations within Nigeria. Journal of Food Biochemistry, 43(6), e12797. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.12797
Nwanna EE, et al. Phenolic Distribution, Antioxidant Activity, and Enzyme Inhibitory Properties of Eggplant (Solanum Aethiopicum) Cultivated in Two Different Locations Within Nigeria. J Food Biochem. 2019;43(6):e12797. PubMed PMID: 31353619.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phenolic distribution, antioxidant activity, and enzyme inhibitory properties of eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) cultivated in two different locations within Nigeria. AU - Nwanna,Esther E, AU - Adebayo,Adeniyi A, AU - Ademosun,Ayokunle O, AU - Oboh,Ganiyu, Y1 - 2019/02/06/ PY - 2018/09/29/received PY - 2019/01/16/revised PY - 2019/01/17/accepted PY - 2019/7/30/entrez PY - 2019/7/30/pubmed PY - 2020/6/23/medline KW - Solanum aethiopicum KW - enzyme inhibition KW - geographical location KW - phenolic content SP - e12797 EP - e12797 JF - Journal of food biochemistry JO - J Food Biochem VL - 43 IS - 6 N2 - Solanum aethiopicum is commonly cultivated in Nigeria for its nutritional and medicinal properties. Although, information on the possible effect of location on the biological activities of S. aethiopicum has not been reported, however, present research work investigated the phenolic contents and distribution, antioxidative properties, and enzyme inhibitory activities of S. aethiopicum collected from two locations in Nigeria. HPLC phenolic profile, polyphenol contents, free radical scavenging activities, and inhibitory effect of eggplant extracts on carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes were carried out. Significant variations were observed in the phenolic profile, polyphenol contents, antioxidant activities, and enzymes inhibitory properties of the extracts from different locations. In most of the analyses carried out, extract of eggplant fruit collected from Uyo (UEF) showed higher activities than the one obtained from Ibadan (IEF). Thus, findings from this study revealed that geographical location may influence the phenolic contents, antioxidant, and enzymes inhibitory properties of eggplant fruits. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The geographical location of a particular place determines the nature and biological activities of plants cultivated in the area. Hence, we presented the effect of location on the phenolic profile, antioxidant, and enzyme inhibitory properties of eggplant fruit (S. aethiopicum) cultivated in two different locations in Nigeria. However, data generated in this study showed the effect of location on phenolic composition and biological activities of eggplant fruit cultivated in Nigeria. SN - 1745-4514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31353619/Phenolic_distribution_antioxidant_activity_and_enzyme_inhibitory_properties_of_eggplant__Solanum_aethiopicum__cultivated_in_two_different_locations_within_Nigeria_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.12797 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -