Asenapine maleate normalizes low frequency oscillatory deficits in a neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia.Neurosci Lett. 2019 10 15; 711:134404.NL
Asenapine maleate (AM) is an atypical antipsychotic that, unlike many other antipsychotics, shows some efficacy in treating cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. Normal cognitive function has long since been associated with high frequency neuronal oscillations. However, recent research has highlighted the potential importance of low frequency oscillations. Here, the impact of AM on low frequency neural oscillatory activity was evaluated in the methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM) rat model system used for the study schizophrenia, and the oscillatory signatures compared to those of haloperidol (HAL) and clozapine (CLZ). AM and CLZ normalized low frequency spectral power deficits in the prefrontal cortex, while HAL and AM reversed corticostriatal and corticocortical delta coherence deficits. However, only chronic AM administration normalized corticostriatal and corticocortical delta coherence deficits between 3-4 Hz. These findings support the idea that antipsychotic-induced amelioration of both delta coherence and power may be important for therapeutic efficacy in treating the cognitive deficits inherent in schizophrenia.