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The teaching of anatomy in Montpellier University during VIII centuries (1220-2020).
Surg Radiol Anat. 2019 Oct; 41(10):1119-1128.SR

Abstract

Since 1220 in Montpellier the human cadaver dissection had been used for the teaching of anatomy. In the first time the anatomy was based on animal knowledge. Vesalius student in Montpellier then in Italy, written the first book on human anatomy. Among teachers some of them made discoveries such as Pecquet on cisterna chyli, Vieussens on brain and hearth. Wax anatomy was used for teaching and Laumonier and B. Delmas presented some very nice pieces. Progressively a lot of anatomical preparations were exposed in a conservatory with 2330 human cadavers' dissections obtained during a lot of examinations. Anatomy and pathology were developed by Delpech about growing of bones with laws. In 1953 two anatomist surgeons, Rapp and Couinaud, described the segmentation of the liver with using techniques of corrosion. In the conservatory 250 corrosions of the livers are exposed, this is certainly the most numerous in the world and it represents a huge basis for surgery and liver transplantation. Since 1900 the teaching of anatomy continued with blackboard lectures and Human cadavers dissections. Therefore, a new approach of anatomy with computer is going to be used in the future.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Professor Emeritus of Anatomy, 2 rue école de Médecine, 34000, Montpellier, France. profbonnel@free.fr.Professor Emeritus of Histology, 2 rue école de Médecine, 34000, Montpellier, France.Chargé de Mission « Extractor Innovation », Service de Neuro Radiology CHU Montpellier - Hospital Gui de Chauliac, 80, avenue A. Fliche, 34295, Montpellier, France.

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31363840

Citation

Bonnel, François, et al. "The Teaching of Anatomy in Montpellier University During VIII Centuries (1220-2020)." Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA, vol. 41, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1119-1128.
Bonnel F, Lavabre-Bertrand T, Bonnel C. The teaching of anatomy in Montpellier University during VIII centuries (1220-2020). Surg Radiol Anat. 2019;41(10):1119-1128.
Bonnel, F., Lavabre-Bertrand, T., & Bonnel, C. (2019). The teaching of anatomy in Montpellier University during VIII centuries (1220-2020). Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA, 41(10), 1119-1128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-019-02289-6
Bonnel F, Lavabre-Bertrand T, Bonnel C. The Teaching of Anatomy in Montpellier University During VIII Centuries (1220-2020). Surg Radiol Anat. 2019;41(10):1119-1128. PubMed PMID: 31363840.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The teaching of anatomy in Montpellier University during VIII centuries (1220-2020). AU - Bonnel,François, AU - Lavabre-Bertrand,Thierry, AU - Bonnel,Christophe, PY - 2019/8/1/pubmed PY - 2020/2/25/medline PY - 2019/8/1/entrez KW - Anatomy KW - Century KW - History KW - Montpellier KW - Museum KW - Patrimony SP - 1119 EP - 1128 JF - Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA JO - Surg Radiol Anat VL - 41 IS - 10 N2 - Since 1220 in Montpellier the human cadaver dissection had been used for the teaching of anatomy. In the first time the anatomy was based on animal knowledge. Vesalius student in Montpellier then in Italy, written the first book on human anatomy. Among teachers some of them made discoveries such as Pecquet on cisterna chyli, Vieussens on brain and hearth. Wax anatomy was used for teaching and Laumonier and B. Delmas presented some very nice pieces. Progressively a lot of anatomical preparations were exposed in a conservatory with 2330 human cadavers' dissections obtained during a lot of examinations. Anatomy and pathology were developed by Delpech about growing of bones with laws. In 1953 two anatomist surgeons, Rapp and Couinaud, described the segmentation of the liver with using techniques of corrosion. In the conservatory 250 corrosions of the livers are exposed, this is certainly the most numerous in the world and it represents a huge basis for surgery and liver transplantation. Since 1900 the teaching of anatomy continued with blackboard lectures and Human cadavers dissections. Therefore, a new approach of anatomy with computer is going to be used in the future. SN - 1279-8517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31363840/The_teaching_of_anatomy_in_Montpellier_University_during_VIII_centuries__1220_2020__ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-019-02289-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -