The Bioequivalence and Effect of Food on the Pharmacokinetics of a Fixed-Dose Combination Tablet Containing Rosuvastatin and Ezetimibe in Healthy Japanese Subjects.Clin Transl Sci. 2019 11; 12(6):704-712.CT
Certain patient populations are unable to achieve the recommended low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goals with statin monotherapy alone. Such patients may benefit from concomitant therapy with ezetimibe (EZE) 10 mg added on to a statin. To this end, fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablets containing EZE 10 mg and rosuvastatin (ROS) 2.5 mg (EZE/ROS2.5) and EZE 10 mg and ROS 5 mg (EZE/ROS5) have been developed for treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The purpose of the series of clinical studies reported herein was to evaluate the potential food effect (MK-0653H, protocol 836 (P836)) and the bioequivalence between FDC and co-administration of EZE and ROS in healthy Japanese subjects under fasted and fed conditions (MK-0653H, protocol 835 (P835) and MK-0653H, protocol 846 (P846), respectively). These studies show there is no clinically relevant food effect on EZE exposure following single oral administration of the FDC EZE/ROS5 in healthy Japanese subjects; however, ROS exposure was decreased in the fed state under conditions used to evaluate the maximum food effect. Following single oral administration of individual ROS tablets under the same conditions, the magnitude of decrease in ROS exposure was comparable to that seen with FDC, suggesting that the effect of food on ROS exposure was similar between the FDC tablet and co-administration of individual EZE and ROS tablets. The FDC EZE/ROS5 was generally well tolerated in healthy Japanese subjects under fasted and fed conditions.