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High calcium intake from fat-free milk, body composition and glycaemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomised crossover clinical trial.
Br J Nutr. 2019 08 14; 122(3):301-308.BJ

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of high-Ca fat-free milk v. low-Ca control diet on adiposity and on glycaemic control. Fourteen subjects with type 2 diabetes (aged 49·5 (sd 8·6) years, BMI 29·4 (sd 4·5) kg/m2, low habitual Ca consumption (<600 mg/d)) were included in this randomised, crossover clinical trial. Subjects participated in two 12-week experimental sessions (high-Ca fat-free milk (HC) or low-Ca control (LC)) separated by 8-week washout. Subjects daily consumed in the laboratory a breakfast shake containing 700 mg (HC) or 6·4 mg (LC) of Ca. Energy-restricted diets containing 800 mg of dietary Ca/d were prescribed. Dietary records data indicated the consumption of 1200 mg of Ca/d during HC and of 525 mg of Ca/d during LC. There was a greater reduction in body weight, body fat mass, waist circumference and waist:hip ratio after HC. Serum 25-hydoxyvitamin D and homeostatic model assessment-2 β-cell function (HOMA2-%B) increased, and serum uric acid, parathormone (PTH) and glycated Hb (HbA1c) concentrations reduced after HC. In addition, changes from baseline in terms of serum uric acid, glucose, HbA1c and PTH concentrations were lower, and those of HOMA2-%B, serum Ca and 25-hydoxyvitamin D were higher after the HC than after LC. The consumption of approximately three servings of fat-free milk and 1200 mg of dietary Ca/d enhanced weight loss, improved body composition and promoted glycaemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes and low habitual Ca consumption (<600 mg/d).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Instituto Federal do Sudeste de Minas Gerais - Campus Barbacena, Rua Monsenhor José Augusto, 204, Bairro São José, Barbacena, Minas Gerais CEP 36205-018, Brazil.Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Avenida PH Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, Minas Gerais CEP 36570-000, Brazil.Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Avenida PH Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, Minas Gerais CEP 36570-000, Brazil.Departamento de Nutrição e Saúde, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Avenida PH Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, Minas Gerais CEP 36570-000, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31368422

Citation

Gomes, Júnia Maria Geraldo, et al. "High Calcium Intake From Fat-free Milk, Body Composition and Glycaemic Control in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: a Randomised Crossover Clinical Trial." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 122, no. 3, 2019, pp. 301-308.
Gomes JMG, de Assis Costa J, Ribeiro PVM, et al. High calcium intake from fat-free milk, body composition and glycaemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomised crossover clinical trial. Br J Nutr. 2019;122(3):301-308.
Gomes, J. M. G., de Assis Costa, J., Ribeiro, P. V. M., & Alfenas, R. C. G. (2019). High calcium intake from fat-free milk, body composition and glycaemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomised crossover clinical trial. The British Journal of Nutrition, 122(3), 301-308. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519001259
Gomes JMG, et al. High Calcium Intake From Fat-free Milk, Body Composition and Glycaemic Control in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: a Randomised Crossover Clinical Trial. Br J Nutr. 2019 08 14;122(3):301-308. PubMed PMID: 31368422.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - High calcium intake from fat-free milk, body composition and glycaemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomised crossover clinical trial. AU - Gomes,Júnia Maria Geraldo, AU - de Assis Costa,Jorge, AU - Ribeiro,Priscila Vaz de Melo, AU - Alfenas,Rita de Cássia Gonçalves, Y1 - 2019/08/01/ PY - 2019/8/2/pubmed PY - 2020/5/28/medline PY - 2019/8/2/entrez KW - Body composition KW - Calcium KW - Dairy products KW - Diabetes KW - Obesity SP - 301 EP - 308 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 122 IS - 3 N2 - We evaluated the effects of high-Ca fat-free milk v. low-Ca control diet on adiposity and on glycaemic control. Fourteen subjects with type 2 diabetes (aged 49·5 (sd 8·6) years, BMI 29·4 (sd 4·5) kg/m2, low habitual Ca consumption (<600 mg/d)) were included in this randomised, crossover clinical trial. Subjects participated in two 12-week experimental sessions (high-Ca fat-free milk (HC) or low-Ca control (LC)) separated by 8-week washout. Subjects daily consumed in the laboratory a breakfast shake containing 700 mg (HC) or 6·4 mg (LC) of Ca. Energy-restricted diets containing 800 mg of dietary Ca/d were prescribed. Dietary records data indicated the consumption of 1200 mg of Ca/d during HC and of 525 mg of Ca/d during LC. There was a greater reduction in body weight, body fat mass, waist circumference and waist:hip ratio after HC. Serum 25-hydoxyvitamin D and homeostatic model assessment-2 β-cell function (HOMA2-%B) increased, and serum uric acid, parathormone (PTH) and glycated Hb (HbA1c) concentrations reduced after HC. In addition, changes from baseline in terms of serum uric acid, glucose, HbA1c and PTH concentrations were lower, and those of HOMA2-%B, serum Ca and 25-hydoxyvitamin D were higher after the HC than after LC. The consumption of approximately three servings of fat-free milk and 1200 mg of dietary Ca/d enhanced weight loss, improved body composition and promoted glycaemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes and low habitual Ca consumption (<600 mg/d). SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31368422/High_calcium_intake_from_fat_free_milk_body_composition_and_glycaemic_control_in_adults_with_type_2_diabetes:_a_randomised_crossover_clinical_trial_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114519001259/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -