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Role of sleep study in children with Chiari malformation and sleep disordered breathing.
Childs Nerv Syst. 2019 10; 35(10):1763-1768.CN

Abstract

PURPOSE

Chiari malformation incorporate numerous forms of congenital or acquired cerebellar herniation through the foramen magnum. This may lead to brain stem, high spinal cord and cranial nerve compression resulting in obstructive and central apneas. This review highlights he high prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in this population and the importance of refering these patients for sleep studies as part of their workup.

METHODS

A review of the literature was performed through a PubMed and EMBASE search of original articles and reviews using the key words "chiari" "chiari malformation" "hindbrain herniation" "sleep disordered breathing" "obstructive sleep apnea" "central sleep apnea" "sleep study" and "foramen magnum decompression".

DISCUSSION

We highlight the pathophysiology of sleep disordered breathing in patients with Chiari malformation, how it can be diagnosed and what the treatment options are.

CONCLUSIONS

Sleep-disordered breathing is highly prevalent in patients with CM1. Clinicians caring for these patients should be aware of this and prioritise sleep diagnostic testing to allow for early diagnosis and management particularly in the presence of neurological symptoms and specific brain MRI pointers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatric Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N 3JH, UK. Francois.Abel@gosh.nhs.uk.Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Great Ormond Street Children Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N 3JH, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31372737

Citation

Abel, Francois, and M Zubair Tahir. "Role of Sleep Study in Children With Chiari Malformation and Sleep Disordered Breathing." Child's Nervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, vol. 35, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1763-1768.
Abel F, Tahir MZ. Role of sleep study in children with Chiari malformation and sleep disordered breathing. Childs Nerv Syst. 2019;35(10):1763-1768.
Abel, F., & Tahir, M. Z. (2019). Role of sleep study in children with Chiari malformation and sleep disordered breathing. Child's Nervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 35(10), 1763-1768. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04302-0
Abel F, Tahir MZ. Role of Sleep Study in Children With Chiari Malformation and Sleep Disordered Breathing. Childs Nerv Syst. 2019;35(10):1763-1768. PubMed PMID: 31372737.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Role of sleep study in children with Chiari malformation and sleep disordered breathing. AU - Abel,Francois, AU - Tahir,M Zubair, Y1 - 2019/08/01/ PY - 2019/06/22/received PY - 2019/07/07/accepted PY - 2019/8/3/pubmed PY - 2020/10/24/medline PY - 2019/8/3/entrez KW - Chiari malformation KW - Foramen magnum decompression KW - Hindbrain herniation KW - Sleep disordered breathing (obstructive/central sleep apnea) KW - Sleep studies SP - 1763 EP - 1768 JF - Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery JO - Childs Nerv Syst VL - 35 IS - 10 N2 - PURPOSE: Chiari malformation incorporate numerous forms of congenital or acquired cerebellar herniation through the foramen magnum. This may lead to brain stem, high spinal cord and cranial nerve compression resulting in obstructive and central apneas. This review highlights he high prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in this population and the importance of refering these patients for sleep studies as part of their workup. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed through a PubMed and EMBASE search of original articles and reviews using the key words "chiari" "chiari malformation" "hindbrain herniation" "sleep disordered breathing" "obstructive sleep apnea" "central sleep apnea" "sleep study" and "foramen magnum decompression". DISCUSSION: We highlight the pathophysiology of sleep disordered breathing in patients with Chiari malformation, how it can be diagnosed and what the treatment options are. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep-disordered breathing is highly prevalent in patients with CM1. Clinicians caring for these patients should be aware of this and prioritise sleep diagnostic testing to allow for early diagnosis and management particularly in the presence of neurological symptoms and specific brain MRI pointers. SN - 1433-0350 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31372737/Role_of_sleep_study_in_children_with_Chiari_malformation_and_sleep_disordered_breathing_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04302-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -