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The consequence of endotracheal intubation in a 95-years old man for 839 days: A case report.
Medicine (Baltimore) 2019; 98(31):e16678M

Abstract

RATIONALE

The benefits of prolonged endotracheal intubation (ETI) in comparison to early tracheotomy is still over the controversy. Little information is available in concern to prolonged ETI more than years. We report the consequence of oral ETI in a 95-year old man for 839 days.

PATIENT CONCERNS

This patient was transferred to the intensive care unit due to sputum asphyxia and respiratory arrest. Timely ETI was performed. However, as a neurological insult, extubation had a high risk of failure due to the insufficient ability of sputum clearance. In addition, his family members refused further surgical interventions including tracheotomy.

DIAGNOSES

Prolonged ETI occurred in this patient. On day 240 and 329 after ETI, 3D airway image did not reveal laryngeal stenosis or laryngeal lesions. On day 459 and 662, ET tube (ETT) exchanged was performed and the balloon became stiff and inelasticity.

INTERVENTIONS

Although a possible tracheoesophageal fistula was suspected by imaging findings on day 547, the gastroscopy did not reveal the fistula on the esophagus. Enteral nutrition was delivered through the gastric tube, while the mediastinal infection was not observed during subsequent follow-up of computed tomography.

OUTCOMES

He received tracheostomy due to acute sputum obstruction within ETT and abrupt oxygen desaturation on day 839.

LESSONS

During prolonged ETI, more attention should focus on airway humidification, proper cuff pressure and optimal time for tube exchange in order to avoid severe complications.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.Department of Critical Care Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China.Department of Critical Care Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31374047

Citation

Feng, Yan-Mei, et al. "The Consequence of Endotracheal Intubation in a 95-years Old Man for 839 Days: a Case Report." Medicine, vol. 98, no. 31, 2019, pp. e16678.
Feng YM, Wan D, Guo R. The consequence of endotracheal intubation in a 95-years old man for 839 days: A case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2019;98(31):e16678.
Feng, Y. M., Wan, D., & Guo, R. (2019). The consequence of endotracheal intubation in a 95-years old man for 839 days: A case report. Medicine, 98(31), pp. e16678. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000016678.
Feng YM, Wan D, Guo R. The Consequence of Endotracheal Intubation in a 95-years Old Man for 839 Days: a Case Report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2019;98(31):e16678. PubMed PMID: 31374047.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The consequence of endotracheal intubation in a 95-years old man for 839 days: A case report. AU - Feng,Yan-Mei, AU - Wan,Dong, AU - Guo,Rui, PY - 2019/8/3/entrez PY - 2019/8/3/pubmed PY - 2019/8/14/medline SP - e16678 EP - e16678 JF - Medicine JO - Medicine (Baltimore) VL - 98 IS - 31 N2 - RATIONALE: The benefits of prolonged endotracheal intubation (ETI) in comparison to early tracheotomy is still over the controversy. Little information is available in concern to prolonged ETI more than years. We report the consequence of oral ETI in a 95-year old man for 839 days. PATIENT CONCERNS: This patient was transferred to the intensive care unit due to sputum asphyxia and respiratory arrest. Timely ETI was performed. However, as a neurological insult, extubation had a high risk of failure due to the insufficient ability of sputum clearance. In addition, his family members refused further surgical interventions including tracheotomy. DIAGNOSES: Prolonged ETI occurred in this patient. On day 240 and 329 after ETI, 3D airway image did not reveal laryngeal stenosis or laryngeal lesions. On day 459 and 662, ET tube (ETT) exchanged was performed and the balloon became stiff and inelasticity. INTERVENTIONS: Although a possible tracheoesophageal fistula was suspected by imaging findings on day 547, the gastroscopy did not reveal the fistula on the esophagus. Enteral nutrition was delivered through the gastric tube, while the mediastinal infection was not observed during subsequent follow-up of computed tomography. OUTCOMES: He received tracheostomy due to acute sputum obstruction within ETT and abrupt oxygen desaturation on day 839. LESSONS: During prolonged ETI, more attention should focus on airway humidification, proper cuff pressure and optimal time for tube exchange in order to avoid severe complications. SN - 1536-5964 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31374047/The_consequence_of_endotracheal_intubation_in_a_95-years_old_man_for_839_days:_A_case_report L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=31374047 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -