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Epidemiological relevance of dogs for the prevention of Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum and Leptospira spp.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2019 Aug 01; 28(3):383-394.RB

Abstract

This study evaluated the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum and Leptospira spp. in dogs from Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil. Indirect immunofluorescent antibody test was used to detect antibodies anti-T.gondii and anti-N. caninum. Immunoenzymatic assay and microscopic serum agglutination were used for screening antibodies anti-T.gondii and anti-Leptospira spp., respectively. The results were: 67.02% of the samples reactive for T.gondii and 1.38% for N. caninum, both without statistically significant variables. For Leptospira spp. the results indicated seroprevalence of 23.11%. The analysis of the variables without distinction of serovar showed association for intrinsic characteristics as breed, age, nutritional status and dog category. The extrinsic variables as city region and access to the street presented association (p<0.05). The most prevalent serovars were: Canicola 59.47%; Bratislava 13.07% and Butembo 15.68%. Variables that make up the adjusted multiple analysis model using Leptospira spp. were: age, breed and nutritional status; serovar Canicola, sex, nutritional status and area (p<0.05); serovar Bratislava, lymphadenomegaly and presence of fleas (p<0.05). Given the results obtained, dogs can be used as sentinels for toxoplasmosis and leptospirosis in Foz do Iguaçu and other cities with similar outcomes. In addition, preventive measures should be taken by health authorities because they are zoonoses and humans are also at risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, Londrina, PR, Brasil.Universidade Federal do Paraná - UFPR, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.Universidade Federal do Paraná - UFPR, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, Londrina, PR, Brasil.Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, Londrina, PR, Brasil.Prefeitura de Foz do Iguaçu, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brasil.Prefeitura de Foz do Iguaçu, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brasil.9° Regional de Saúde, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brasil.Prefeitura de Foz do Iguaçu, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brasil.Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, Londrina, PR, Brasil.Universidade Federal do Paraná - UFPR, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, Londrina, PR, Brasil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31390432

Citation

Pinto-Ferreira, Fernanda, et al. "Epidemiological Relevance of Dogs for the Prevention of Toxoplasma Gondii, Neospora Caninum and Leptospira Spp." Revista Brasileira De Parasitologia Veterinaria = Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology : Orgao Oficial Do Colegio Brasileiro De Parasitologia Veterinaria, vol. 28, no. 3, 2019, pp. 383-394.
Pinto-Ferreira F, Pasquali AKS, Thomaz-Soccol V, et al. Epidemiological relevance of dogs for the prevention of Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum and Leptospira spp. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2019;28(3):383-394.
Pinto-Ferreira, F., Pasquali, A. K. S., Thomaz-Soccol, V., Mitsuka-Breganó, R., Caldart, E. T., Leandro, A. S., Chiyo, L., Pozzolo, E. M., Cubas, P., Giordano, L. G. P., Petterle, R. R., & Navarro, I. T. (2019). Epidemiological relevance of dogs for the prevention of Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum and Leptospira spp. Revista Brasileira De Parasitologia Veterinaria = Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology : Orgao Oficial Do Colegio Brasileiro De Parasitologia Veterinaria, 28(3), 383-394. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612019043
Pinto-Ferreira F, et al. Epidemiological Relevance of Dogs for the Prevention of Toxoplasma Gondii, Neospora Caninum and Leptospira Spp. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2019 Aug 1;28(3):383-394. PubMed PMID: 31390432.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiological relevance of dogs for the prevention of Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum and Leptospira spp. AU - Pinto-Ferreira,Fernanda, AU - Pasquali,Aline Kuhn Sbruzzi, AU - Thomaz-Soccol,Vanete, AU - Mitsuka-Breganó,Regina, AU - Caldart,Eloiza Teles, AU - Leandro,André de Souza, AU - Chiyo,Luciana, AU - Pozzolo,Eliane Maria, AU - Cubas,Patrícia, AU - Giordano,Lucienne Garcia Pretto, AU - Petterle,Ricardo Rasmussen, AU - Navarro,Italmar Teodorico, Y1 - 2019/08/01/ PY - 2019/02/14/received PY - 2019/05/16/accepted PY - 2019/8/8/pubmed PY - 2019/10/2/medline PY - 2019/8/8/entrez SP - 383 EP - 394 JF - Revista brasileira de parasitologia veterinaria = Brazilian journal of veterinary parasitology : Orgao Oficial do Colegio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinaria JO - Rev Bras Parasitol Vet VL - 28 IS - 3 N2 - This study evaluated the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum and Leptospira spp. in dogs from Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil. Indirect immunofluorescent antibody test was used to detect antibodies anti-T.gondii and anti-N. caninum. Immunoenzymatic assay and microscopic serum agglutination were used for screening antibodies anti-T.gondii and anti-Leptospira spp., respectively. The results were: 67.02% of the samples reactive for T.gondii and 1.38% for N. caninum, both without statistically significant variables. For Leptospira spp. the results indicated seroprevalence of 23.11%. The analysis of the variables without distinction of serovar showed association for intrinsic characteristics as breed, age, nutritional status and dog category. The extrinsic variables as city region and access to the street presented association (p<0.05). The most prevalent serovars were: Canicola 59.47%; Bratislava 13.07% and Butembo 15.68%. Variables that make up the adjusted multiple analysis model using Leptospira spp. were: age, breed and nutritional status; serovar Canicola, sex, nutritional status and area (p<0.05); serovar Bratislava, lymphadenomegaly and presence of fleas (p<0.05). Given the results obtained, dogs can be used as sentinels for toxoplasmosis and leptospirosis in Foz do Iguaçu and other cities with similar outcomes. In addition, preventive measures should be taken by health authorities because they are zoonoses and humans are also at risk. SN - 1984-2961 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31390432/Epidemiological_relevance_of_dogs_for_the_prevention_of_Toxoplasma_gondii_Neospora_caninum_and_Leptospira_spp_ L2 - https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S1984-29612019005012102&amp;lng=en&amp;nrm=iso&amp;tlng=en DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -