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A systems approach to assessing environmental and economic effects of food loss and waste interventions in the United States.
Sci Total Environ. 2019 Oct 01; 685:1240-1254.ST

Abstract

Reducing food loss and waste (FLW) is critical for achieving healthy diets from sustainable food systems. Within the United States, 30% to 50% of food produced is lost or wasted. These losses occur throughout multiple stages of the food supply chain from production to consumption. Reducing FLW prevents the waste of land, water, energy, and other resources embedded in food and is therefore essential to improving the sustainability of food systems. Despite the increasing number of studies identifying FLW reduction as a societal imperative, we lack the information needed to assess fully the effectiveness of interventions along the supply chain. In this paper, we synthesize the available literature, data, and methods for estimating the volume of FLW and assessing the full environmental and economic effects of interventions to prevent or reduce FLW in the United States. We describe potential FLW interventions in detail, including policy changes, technological solutions, and changes in practices and behaviors at all stages of the food system from farms to consumers and approaches to conducting economic analyses of the effects of interventions. In summary, this paper comprehensively reviews available information on the causes and consequences of FLW in the United States and lays the groundwork for prioritizing FLW interventions to benefit the environment and stakeholders in the food system.

Authors+Show Affiliations

RTI International, United States of America. Electronic address: muth@rti.org.University of Texas, Austin, United States of America.Austin, TX, United States of America.LeanPath, United States of America.Ford, United States of America.University of Virginia, United States of America.University of Texas, Austin, United States of America.SESYNC, United States of America.SESYNC, United States of America.Duke-UNC Rotary Peace Fellow Alumna, United States of America.U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, United States of America.SESYNC, United States of America.University of Georgia, United States of America.RTI International, United States of America.Duke University, United States of America.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31390713

Citation

Muth, Mary K., et al. "A Systems Approach to Assessing Environmental and Economic Effects of Food Loss and Waste Interventions in the United States." The Science of the Total Environment, vol. 685, 2019, pp. 1240-1254.
Muth MK, Birney C, Cuéllar A, et al. A systems approach to assessing environmental and economic effects of food loss and waste interventions in the United States. Sci Total Environ. 2019;685:1240-1254.
Muth, M. K., Birney, C., Cuéllar, A., Finn, S. M., Freeman, M., Galloway, J. N., Gee, I., Gephart, J., Jones, K., Low, L., Meyer, E., Read, Q., Smith, T., Weitz, K., & Zoubek, S. (2019). A systems approach to assessing environmental and economic effects of food loss and waste interventions in the United States. The Science of the Total Environment, 685, 1240-1254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.230
Muth MK, et al. A Systems Approach to Assessing Environmental and Economic Effects of Food Loss and Waste Interventions in the United States. Sci Total Environ. 2019 Oct 1;685:1240-1254. PubMed PMID: 31390713.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A systems approach to assessing environmental and economic effects of food loss and waste interventions in the United States. AU - Muth,Mary K, AU - Birney,Catherine, AU - Cuéllar,Amanda, AU - Finn,Steven M, AU - Freeman,Mark, AU - Galloway,James N, AU - Gee,Isabella, AU - Gephart,Jessica, AU - Jones,Kristal, AU - Low,Linda, AU - Meyer,Ellen, AU - Read,Quentin, AU - Smith,Travis, AU - Weitz,Keith, AU - Zoubek,Sarah, Y1 - 2019/06/17/ PY - 2019/04/24/received PY - 2019/06/14/revised PY - 2019/06/15/accepted PY - 2019/8/9/entrez PY - 2019/8/9/pubmed PY - 2019/8/9/medline KW - Cost-benefit analysis KW - Environmental impacts KW - Food loss and waste KW - Food system KW - Interventions SP - 1240 EP - 1254 JF - The Science of the total environment JO - Sci. Total Environ. VL - 685 N2 - Reducing food loss and waste (FLW) is critical for achieving healthy diets from sustainable food systems. Within the United States, 30% to 50% of food produced is lost or wasted. These losses occur throughout multiple stages of the food supply chain from production to consumption. Reducing FLW prevents the waste of land, water, energy, and other resources embedded in food and is therefore essential to improving the sustainability of food systems. Despite the increasing number of studies identifying FLW reduction as a societal imperative, we lack the information needed to assess fully the effectiveness of interventions along the supply chain. In this paper, we synthesize the available literature, data, and methods for estimating the volume of FLW and assessing the full environmental and economic effects of interventions to prevent or reduce FLW in the United States. We describe potential FLW interventions in detail, including policy changes, technological solutions, and changes in practices and behaviors at all stages of the food system from farms to consumers and approaches to conducting economic analyses of the effects of interventions. In summary, this paper comprehensively reviews available information on the causes and consequences of FLW in the United States and lays the groundwork for prioritizing FLW interventions to benefit the environment and stakeholders in the food system. SN - 1879-1026 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31390713/A_systems_approach_to_assessing_environmental_and_economic_effects_of_food_loss_and_waste_interventions_in_the_United_States_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048-9697(19)32803-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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