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Clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of acute acquired Comitant Esotropia.
BMC Ophthalmol 2019; 19(1):173BO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To describe the clinical characteristics and the outcomes of strabismus surgery for acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE).

METHODS

Medical records of 45 AACE patients were retrospectively analyzed. The insertion location of medial rectus was compared between the AACE patients and comitant exotropic patients. The location was also compared with those measured in other studies. Surgical outcome measurements included amount of deviation and level of binocularity at last follow-up.

RESULTS

The distance from medial rectus to limbus was shorter in AACE patients than in patients with comitant exotropia. The distance was also shorter in AACE patients than patients in other studies. Out of the 45 patients, 2 had neurological diseases. Neostigmine test was negative in all patients. The age at onset of AACE was 5-47 years (mean 19.1 ± 7.3 years), one patient was 5 years (2.2%), 20 patients were 11-17 years (44.5%) and the other 24 patients were 18-47 years old (53.3%). The mean cycloplegic refraction was - 4.1 ± 3.0 diopters (D) and 41 patients were myopic (91%). The angle of deviation was 40.5 ± 19.5 prism diopters (PD) at distance and 35.6 ± 19.9PD at near preoperatively. The angle was 0.8 ± 1.6 PD at distance and 0.7 ± 1.8 PD at near postoperatively. Diplopia resolved in patients who underwent strabismus surgery, with no recurrence during the follow-up period. Thirty patients had stereopsis postoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS

AACE seems to occur mostly in older children and adults and myopes. The distance from the insertion to limbus of medial rectus was shorter in patients with AACE. Good results can be achieved by strabismus surgery.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Eye center, Wuhan University Renmin Hospital, Wuhan, 430060, China.Wuhan Aier Eye Hospital, Wuhan, 430063, China.Eye center, Wuhan University Renmin Hospital, Wuhan, 430060, China. yinshen@whu.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31391009

Citation

Cai, Chunyan, et al. "Clinical Characteristics and Surgical Outcomes of Acute Acquired Comitant Esotropia." BMC Ophthalmology, vol. 19, no. 1, 2019, p. 173.
Cai C, Dai H, Shen Y. Clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of acute acquired Comitant Esotropia. BMC Ophthalmol. 2019;19(1):173.
Cai, C., Dai, H., & Shen, Y. (2019). Clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of acute acquired Comitant Esotropia. BMC Ophthalmology, 19(1), p. 173. doi:10.1186/s12886-019-1182-2.
Cai C, Dai H, Shen Y. Clinical Characteristics and Surgical Outcomes of Acute Acquired Comitant Esotropia. BMC Ophthalmol. 2019 Aug 7;19(1):173. PubMed PMID: 31391009.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of acute acquired Comitant Esotropia. AU - Cai,Chunyan, AU - Dai,Hongbin, AU - Shen,Yin, Y1 - 2019/08/07/ PY - 2018/02/18/received PY - 2019/07/25/accepted PY - 2019/8/9/entrez PY - 2019/8/9/pubmed PY - 2019/8/9/medline KW - Acute acquired comitant esotropia KW - Medial rectus insertion KW - Strabismus surgery SP - 173 EP - 173 JF - BMC ophthalmology JO - BMC Ophthalmol VL - 19 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: To describe the clinical characteristics and the outcomes of strabismus surgery for acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE). METHODS: Medical records of 45 AACE patients were retrospectively analyzed. The insertion location of medial rectus was compared between the AACE patients and comitant exotropic patients. The location was also compared with those measured in other studies. Surgical outcome measurements included amount of deviation and level of binocularity at last follow-up. RESULTS: The distance from medial rectus to limbus was shorter in AACE patients than in patients with comitant exotropia. The distance was also shorter in AACE patients than patients in other studies. Out of the 45 patients, 2 had neurological diseases. Neostigmine test was negative in all patients. The age at onset of AACE was 5-47 years (mean 19.1 ± 7.3 years), one patient was 5 years (2.2%), 20 patients were 11-17 years (44.5%) and the other 24 patients were 18-47 years old (53.3%). The mean cycloplegic refraction was - 4.1 ± 3.0 diopters (D) and 41 patients were myopic (91%). The angle of deviation was 40.5 ± 19.5 prism diopters (PD) at distance and 35.6 ± 19.9PD at near preoperatively. The angle was 0.8 ± 1.6 PD at distance and 0.7 ± 1.8 PD at near postoperatively. Diplopia resolved in patients who underwent strabismus surgery, with no recurrence during the follow-up period. Thirty patients had stereopsis postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: AACE seems to occur mostly in older children and adults and myopes. The distance from the insertion to limbus of medial rectus was shorter in patients with AACE. Good results can be achieved by strabismus surgery. SN - 1471-2415 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31391009/Clinical_characteristics_and_surgical_outcomes_of_acute_acquired_Comitant_Esotropia L2 - https://bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12886-019-1182-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -