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First record of infestation by nasal leeches, Limnatis nilotica (Hirudinida, Praobdellidae), from cattle in Italy.

Abstract

In July 2017, twenty cattle of a free-grazing herd were found to be infested with leeches in the mouth. Main signs were bloody sialorrhea and/or a purple-red colour of the lower lip. Leeches, in a variable number (1 to 3) per animal, were found at the lingual frenulum or on the sublingual vestibular mucosa and were morphologically identified as Limnatis nilotica. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of cattle infestation by L. nilotica in Italy. Besides recalling the attention to leech infestation and suggesting its inclusion in the differential diagnosis of animals with suggestive signs, this short report also provides practitioners with easy-going morphological keys for proper diagnosis and discrimination among species.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell'Annunziata.Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell'Annunziata.Zooprophylactic Institute of Sicily "A. Mirri".Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell'Annunziata.Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell'Annunziata.Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Polo Universitario dell'Annunziata.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31391384

Citation

Arfuso, Francesca, et al. "First Record of Infestation By Nasal Leeches, Limnatis Nilotica (Hirudinida, Praobdellidae), From Cattle in Italy." The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 2019.
Arfuso F, Gaglio G, Ferrara MC, et al. First record of infestation by nasal leeches, Limnatis nilotica (Hirudinida, Praobdellidae), from cattle in Italy. J Vet Med Sci. 2019.
Arfuso, F., Gaglio, G., Ferrara, M. C., Abbate, F., Giannetto, S., & Brianti, E. (2019). First record of infestation by nasal leeches, Limnatis nilotica (Hirudinida, Praobdellidae), from cattle in Italy. The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, doi:10.1292/jvms.19-0247.
Arfuso F, et al. First Record of Infestation By Nasal Leeches, Limnatis Nilotica (Hirudinida, Praobdellidae), From Cattle in Italy. J Vet Med Sci. 2019 Aug 8; PubMed PMID: 31391384.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - First record of infestation by nasal leeches, Limnatis nilotica (Hirudinida, Praobdellidae), from cattle in Italy. AU - Arfuso,Francesca, AU - Gaglio,Gabriella, AU - Ferrara,Maria Catena, AU - Abbate,Francesco, AU - Giannetto,Salvatore, AU - Brianti,Emanuele, Y1 - 2019/08/08/ PY - 2019/8/9/entrez PY - 2019/8/9/pubmed PY - 2019/8/9/medline KW - Limnatis nilotica KW - Sicily KW - cattle KW - leech infestation KW - oral cavity JF - The Journal of veterinary medical science JO - J. Vet. Med. Sci. N2 - In July 2017, twenty cattle of a free-grazing herd were found to be infested with leeches in the mouth. Main signs were bloody sialorrhea and/or a purple-red colour of the lower lip. Leeches, in a variable number (1 to 3) per animal, were found at the lingual frenulum or on the sublingual vestibular mucosa and were morphologically identified as Limnatis nilotica. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of cattle infestation by L. nilotica in Italy. Besides recalling the attention to leech infestation and suggesting its inclusion in the differential diagnosis of animals with suggestive signs, this short report also provides practitioners with easy-going morphological keys for proper diagnosis and discrimination among species. SN - 1347-7439 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31391384/First_record_of_infestation_by_nasal_leeches,_Limnatis_nilotica_(Hirudinida,_Praobdellidae),_from_cattle_in_Italy L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.19-0247 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -