Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Multiple Spinal Chronic Subdural Hematomas Associated with Thoracic Hematomyelia: A Case Report and Literature Review.
World Neurosurg. 2019 Nov; 131:95-103.WN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is uncommon in the spine. Most spinal CSDHs occur as solitary lesions in the lumbosacral region. We report a rare case of multiple spinal CSDHs associated with hematomyelia. The diagnostic and therapeutic management of these complex spinal CSDHs is reviewed as well as the pertinent literature.

CASE DESCRIPTION

A 79-year-old woman on warfarin therapy presented with lower back pain and progressive lower extremity weakness that had developed in the previous 2 weeks. She subsequently developed paraplegia and urinary incontinence. Thoracolumbar magnetic resonance imaging showed a CSDH from T12-L3 compressing the cauda equina. Single-shot whole-spine magnetic resonance imaging showed another CSDH and hematomyelia at T2-3. She underwent L2-3 hemilaminectomy, which revealed a liquefied subdural hematoma. Delayed T2 laminectomy exposed an organized subdural hematoma and xanthochromic hematomyelia. After each surgery, the patient showed significant motor recovery. Finally, the patient could walk, and the urinary catheter was removed.

CONCLUSIONS

Spinal CSDH may occur in multiple regions and may be associated with hematomyelia. Whole-spine magnetic resonance imaging is useful to examine the entire spine for CSDH accurately and thoroughly. Comprehensive surgical exploration of all symptomatic hematomas may restore neurologic functions even with delayed surgery.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurosurgery, Fukui Red Cross Hospital, Fukui, Japan.Department of Neurosurgery, Fukui Red Cross Hospital, Fukui, Japan. Electronic address: htoda-nsu@umin.ac.jp.Department of Rehabilitation, Fukui Red Cross Hospital, Fukui, Japan.Department of Neurosurgery, Fukui Red Cross Hospital, Fukui, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31394354

Citation

Oichi, Yuki, et al. "Multiple Spinal Chronic Subdural Hematomas Associated With Thoracic Hematomyelia: a Case Report and Literature Review." World Neurosurgery, vol. 131, 2019, pp. 95-103.
Oichi Y, Toda H, Yamagishi K, et al. Multiple Spinal Chronic Subdural Hematomas Associated with Thoracic Hematomyelia: A Case Report and Literature Review. World Neurosurg. 2019;131:95-103.
Oichi, Y., Toda, H., Yamagishi, K., & Tsujimoto, Y. (2019). Multiple Spinal Chronic Subdural Hematomas Associated with Thoracic Hematomyelia: A Case Report and Literature Review. World Neurosurgery, 131, 95-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.07.209
Oichi Y, et al. Multiple Spinal Chronic Subdural Hematomas Associated With Thoracic Hematomyelia: a Case Report and Literature Review. World Neurosurg. 2019;131:95-103. PubMed PMID: 31394354.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Multiple Spinal Chronic Subdural Hematomas Associated with Thoracic Hematomyelia: A Case Report and Literature Review. AU - Oichi,Yuki, AU - Toda,Hiroki, AU - Yamagishi,Koji, AU - Tsujimoto,Yoshitaka, Y1 - 2019/08/05/ PY - 2019/05/24/received PY - 2019/07/28/revised PY - 2019/07/29/accepted PY - 2019/8/9/pubmed PY - 2020/1/29/medline PY - 2019/8/9/entrez KW - Case report KW - Chronic subdural hematoma KW - Hematomyelia KW - Spinal subdural hematoma KW - Warfarin SP - 95 EP - 103 JF - World neurosurgery JO - World Neurosurg VL - 131 N2 - BACKGROUND: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is uncommon in the spine. Most spinal CSDHs occur as solitary lesions in the lumbosacral region. We report a rare case of multiple spinal CSDHs associated with hematomyelia. The diagnostic and therapeutic management of these complex spinal CSDHs is reviewed as well as the pertinent literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old woman on warfarin therapy presented with lower back pain and progressive lower extremity weakness that had developed in the previous 2 weeks. She subsequently developed paraplegia and urinary incontinence. Thoracolumbar magnetic resonance imaging showed a CSDH from T12-L3 compressing the cauda equina. Single-shot whole-spine magnetic resonance imaging showed another CSDH and hematomyelia at T2-3. She underwent L2-3 hemilaminectomy, which revealed a liquefied subdural hematoma. Delayed T2 laminectomy exposed an organized subdural hematoma and xanthochromic hematomyelia. After each surgery, the patient showed significant motor recovery. Finally, the patient could walk, and the urinary catheter was removed. CONCLUSIONS: Spinal CSDH may occur in multiple regions and may be associated with hematomyelia. Whole-spine magnetic resonance imaging is useful to examine the entire spine for CSDH accurately and thoroughly. Comprehensive surgical exploration of all symptomatic hematomas may restore neurologic functions even with delayed surgery. SN - 1878-8769 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31394354/Multiple_Spinal_Chronic_Subdural_Hematomas_Associated_with_Thoracic_Hematomyelia:_A_Case_Report_and_Literature_Review_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -