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Prevalence of dental caries, oral health awareness and treatment-seeking behavior of elderly population in rural Maharashtra.
Indian J Dent Res. 2019 May-Jun; 30(3):332-336.IJ

Abstract

Background and Objective

There have been numerous studies of oral health status of school children and young population; however, similar studies in elderly population in India are lacking. With advances in medical science and consequent increase in life expectancy, elderly population is on the rise and is a subject of growing concern for public health policy. Hence, an attempt was made to study factors influencing decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index, oral health awareness, and dental treatment-seeking behavior of elderly population.

Methods

A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted between September 2014 and December 2014 in villages in rural Maharashtra. Sociodemographic and health-related information were collected from 352 participants 60 years of age and above in 10 villages.

Results

Prevalence of dental caries was 76.4% in a study population with median DMFT score of 12 with interquartile range of 7-22. The majority of the participants cleaned their teeth with fingers using charcoal and mishri. Only 17.2% participants used toothbrush. About 39% participants had experienced dental pain, of which majority did not visit dentist. The median DMFT index who used toothbrush and toothpaste was significantly less when compared with participants who did not use tooth brush and tooth paste. The majority of the participants had one or more missing teeth, but only 2.2% were using dentures.

Conclusion

There is an urgent need for comprehensive oral health educational programs, and accessible and affordable oral health services to be provided to rural community.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health System Support Unit, Public Health Foundation of India, Pune, India.Chairman, Janaseva Foundation, Pune, India.Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Centre, Durham, North Carolina, USA.Department of Dental Surgery, Poona Hospital and Research, Pune, India.Department of Research, Poona Hospital and Research, Pune, India.Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Centre, Durham, North Carolina, USA.Department of Research, Janaseva Foundation, Pune, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31397403

Citation

Salunke, Subhash, et al. "Prevalence of Dental Caries, Oral Health Awareness and Treatment-seeking Behavior of Elderly Population in Rural Maharashtra." Indian Journal of Dental Research : Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, vol. 30, no. 3, 2019, pp. 332-336.
Salunke S, Shah V, Ostbye T, et al. Prevalence of dental caries, oral health awareness and treatment-seeking behavior of elderly population in rural Maharashtra. Indian J Dent Res. 2019;30(3):332-336.
Salunke, S., Shah, V., Ostbye, T., Gandhi, A., Phalgune, D., Ogundare, M. O., & Sable, V. (2019). Prevalence of dental caries, oral health awareness and treatment-seeking behavior of elderly population in rural Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Dental Research : Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, 30(3), 332-336. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_356_17
Salunke S, et al. Prevalence of Dental Caries, Oral Health Awareness and Treatment-seeking Behavior of Elderly Population in Rural Maharashtra. Indian J Dent Res. 2019 May-Jun;30(3):332-336. PubMed PMID: 31397403.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of dental caries, oral health awareness and treatment-seeking behavior of elderly population in rural Maharashtra. AU - Salunke,Subhash, AU - Shah,Vinod, AU - Ostbye,Truls, AU - Gandhi,Anjali, AU - Phalgune,Deepak, AU - Ogundare,Matilda Olajumoke, AU - Sable,Vaidehi, PY - 2019/8/10/entrez PY - 2019/8/10/pubmed PY - 2019/10/30/medline KW - Decayed KW - and filled teeth index KW - dental treatment-seeking behavior KW - elderly population KW - missing KW - oral health awareness SP - 332 EP - 336 JF - Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research JO - Indian J Dent Res VL - 30 IS - 3 N2 - Background and Objective: There have been numerous studies of oral health status of school children and young population; however, similar studies in elderly population in India are lacking. With advances in medical science and consequent increase in life expectancy, elderly population is on the rise and is a subject of growing concern for public health policy. Hence, an attempt was made to study factors influencing decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index, oral health awareness, and dental treatment-seeking behavior of elderly population. Methods: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted between September 2014 and December 2014 in villages in rural Maharashtra. Sociodemographic and health-related information were collected from 352 participants 60 years of age and above in 10 villages. Results: Prevalence of dental caries was 76.4% in a study population with median DMFT score of 12 with interquartile range of 7-22. The majority of the participants cleaned their teeth with fingers using charcoal and mishri. Only 17.2% participants used toothbrush. About 39% participants had experienced dental pain, of which majority did not visit dentist. The median DMFT index who used toothbrush and toothpaste was significantly less when compared with participants who did not use tooth brush and tooth paste. The majority of the participants had one or more missing teeth, but only 2.2% were using dentures. Conclusion: There is an urgent need for comprehensive oral health educational programs, and accessible and affordable oral health services to be provided to rural community. SN - 1998-3603 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31397403/Prevalence_of_dental_caries,_oral_health_awareness_and_treatment-seeking_behavior_of_elderly_population_in_rural_Maharashtra L2 - http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2019;volume=30;issue=3;spage=332;epage=336;aulast=Salunke DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -