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Environmental Factors Associated with Chinese Older Immigrants' Social Engagement.
J Am Geriatr Soc 2019; 67(S3):S571-S576JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND/ OBJECTIVES

Prior research has shown that social engagement is beneficial to older adults' health and well-being. This study examined the association between environmental factors and social engagement of older Chinese immigrants in the United States.

SAMPLE

A cross-sectional data set of Chinese immigrants in the greater Chicago, IL, area (Population Study of Chinese Elderly; n = 3159), was used in this study.

DESIGN

Multiple regression models were used to test the associations between older adults' engagement in cognitive and social activities and environmental factors, including financial difficulties, social support, neighborhood cohesion, neighborhood disorder, and sense of community.

MEASUREMENT

Eight questions measuring participants' engagement in cognitive and social activities, a single-item question measuring financial difficulties, a 12-item social support measurement, an eight-item neighborhood cohesion measurement, and a six-item neighborhood disorder and sense of community scale.

RESULTS

Having fewer financial difficulties and a cohesive neighborhood is related to a higher level of engagement in both cognitive and social activities. More social support from family and friends and a sense of community are associated with higher levels of social activities engagement, but not cognitive activity engagement. Neighborhood cohesion has a stronger association with social engagement than other environmental factors and most individual-level factors. Surprisingly, neighborhood disorder is positively related to social activity engagement, which needs further examination. The associations between environmental factors and social engagement showed no significant difference between healthy and unhealthy older adults.

CONCLUSION

This study highlights the need for policies and programs to promote an active lifestyle among older immigrants by creating facilitative social and physical environments. J Am Geriatr Soc 67:S571-S576, 2019.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong.Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong.Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong.Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research, Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31403190

Citation

Lai, Daniel W L., et al. "Environmental Factors Associated With Chinese Older Immigrants' Social Engagement." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 67, no. S3, 2019, pp. S571-S576.
Lai DWL, Li J, Lee VWP, et al. Environmental Factors Associated with Chinese Older Immigrants' Social Engagement. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019;67(S3):S571-S576.
Lai, D. W. L., Li, J., Lee, V. W. P., & Dong, X. (2019). Environmental Factors Associated with Chinese Older Immigrants' Social Engagement. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 67(S3), pp. S571-S576. doi:10.1111/jgs.15899.
Lai DWL, et al. Environmental Factors Associated With Chinese Older Immigrants' Social Engagement. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019;67(S3):S571-S576. PubMed PMID: 31403190.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Environmental Factors Associated with Chinese Older Immigrants' Social Engagement. AU - Lai,Daniel W L, AU - Li,Jia, AU - Lee,Vincent W P, AU - Dong,XinQi, PY - 2018/09/13/received PY - 2019/02/26/revised PY - 2019/02/28/accepted PY - 2019/8/13/entrez KW - active aging KW - neighborhood cohesion KW - older Chinese immigrants KW - social engagement SP - S571 EP - S576 JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society JO - J Am Geriatr Soc VL - 67 IS - S3 N2 - BACKGROUND/ OBJECTIVES: Prior research has shown that social engagement is beneficial to older adults' health and well-being. This study examined the association between environmental factors and social engagement of older Chinese immigrants in the United States. SAMPLE: A cross-sectional data set of Chinese immigrants in the greater Chicago, IL, area (Population Study of Chinese Elderly; n = 3159), was used in this study. DESIGN: Multiple regression models were used to test the associations between older adults' engagement in cognitive and social activities and environmental factors, including financial difficulties, social support, neighborhood cohesion, neighborhood disorder, and sense of community. MEASUREMENT: Eight questions measuring participants' engagement in cognitive and social activities, a single-item question measuring financial difficulties, a 12-item social support measurement, an eight-item neighborhood cohesion measurement, and a six-item neighborhood disorder and sense of community scale. RESULTS: Having fewer financial difficulties and a cohesive neighborhood is related to a higher level of engagement in both cognitive and social activities. More social support from family and friends and a sense of community are associated with higher levels of social activities engagement, but not cognitive activity engagement. Neighborhood cohesion has a stronger association with social engagement than other environmental factors and most individual-level factors. Surprisingly, neighborhood disorder is positively related to social activity engagement, which needs further examination. The associations between environmental factors and social engagement showed no significant difference between healthy and unhealthy older adults. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the need for policies and programs to promote an active lifestyle among older immigrants by creating facilitative social and physical environments. J Am Geriatr Soc 67:S571-S576, 2019. SN - 1532-5415 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31403190/Environmental_Factors_Associated_with_Chinese_Older_Immigrants'_Social_Engagement_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15899 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -