Structure-based identification of novel sirtuin inhibitors against triple negative breast cancer: An in silico and in vitro study.Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 Nov 01; 140:454-468.IJ
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive disease exemplified by a poor prognosis, greater degrees of relapse, the absence of hormonal receptors for coherent utilization of targeted therapy, poor response to currently available therapeutics and development of chemoresistance. Aberrant activity of sirtuins (SIRTs) has strong implications in the metastatic and oncogenic progression of TNBC. Synthetic SIRT inhibitors are effective, however, they have shown adverse side effects emphasizing the need for plant-derived inhibitors (PDIs). In the current study, we identified potential plant-derived sirtuin inhibitors using in silico approach i.e. molecular docking, ADMET and molecular dynamics simulations (MD). Docking studies revealed that Sulforaphane, Kaempferol and Apigenin exhibits the highest docking scores against SIRT1 & 5, 3 and 6 respectively. ADMET analysis of above hits demonstrated drug-like profile. MD of prioritized SIRTs-PDIs complexes displayed stability with insignificant deviations throughout the trajectory. Furthermore, we determined the effect of our prioritized molecules on cellular viability, global activity as well as protein expression of sirtuins and stemness of TNBC cells utilizing in vitro techniques. Our in vitro findings complements our in silico results. Collectively, these findings provide a better insight into the structural basis of sirtuin inhibition and can facilitate drug design process for TNBC management.