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First Isolation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the Fungal Causative Agent of White-Nose Disease, in Bats from Italy.

Abstract

White-nose disease, caused by the dermatophyte Pseudogymnoascus destructans, is a devastating pathology that has caused a massive decline in the US bat populations. In Europe, this fungus and the related infection in bats have been recorded in several countries and for many bat species, although no mass mortality has been detected. This study reports for the first time the presence of P. destructans in Italy. The fungus was isolated in the Rio Martino cave, a site located in the Western Alps and included in the Natura 2000 network. Twenty bats, belonging to five different species, were analysed. The fungus was retrieved on eight individuals of Myotis emarginatus. The allied keratolytic species P. pannorum was observed on two other individuals, also belonging to M. emarginatus. Strains were isolated in pure culture and characterized morphologically. Results were validated through molecular analyses. Future work should be dedicated to understand the distribution and the effects of the two Pseudogymnoascus species on Italian bats.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia, Via S. Epifanio 14, 27100, Pavia, PV, Italy. laura.garzoli01@gmail.com. S.Te.P. c/o Museo Civ. St. Nat., via S. Francesco di Sales, 188, 10022, Carmagnola, TO, Italy. laura.garzoli01@gmail.com. CNR-Water Research Institute (IRSA), Corso Tonolli 50, 28922, Verbania, VB, Italy. laura.garzoli01@gmail.com.Zoological Section «La Specola», Museum of Natural History of the University of Florence, c/o via Maccatella 26/B, 56124, Pisa, PI, Italy.S.Te.P. c/o Museo Civ. St. Nat., via S. Francesco di Sales, 188, 10022, Carmagnola, TO, Italy.S.Te.P. c/o Museo Civ. St. Nat., via S. Francesco di Sales, 188, 10022, Carmagnola, TO, Italy.CNR-Water Research Institute (IRSA), Corso Tonolli 50, 28922, Verbania, VB, Italy.School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Health Sciences Platform, Tianjin University, Nankai District, Building 24, 92, Weijin Road, Tianjin, 300072, China.Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia, Via S. Epifanio 14, 27100, Pavia, PV, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31414314

Citation

Garzoli, L, et al. "First Isolation of Pseudogymnoascus Destructans, the Fungal Causative Agent of White-Nose Disease, in Bats From Italy." Mycopathologia, 2019.
Garzoli L, Riccucci M, Patriarca E, et al. First Isolation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the Fungal Causative Agent of White-Nose Disease, in Bats from Italy. Mycopathologia. 2019.
Garzoli, L., Riccucci, M., Patriarca, E., Debernardi, P., Boggero, A., Pecoraro, L., & Picco, A. M. (2019). First Isolation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the Fungal Causative Agent of White-Nose Disease, in Bats from Italy. Mycopathologia, doi:10.1007/s11046-019-00371-6.
Garzoli L, et al. First Isolation of Pseudogymnoascus Destructans, the Fungal Causative Agent of White-Nose Disease, in Bats From Italy. Mycopathologia. 2019 Aug 14; PubMed PMID: 31414314.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - First Isolation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the Fungal Causative Agent of White-Nose Disease, in Bats from Italy. AU - Garzoli,L, AU - Riccucci,M, AU - Patriarca,E, AU - Debernardi,P, AU - Boggero,A, AU - Pecoraro,L, AU - Picco,A M, Y1 - 2019/08/14/ PY - 2019/06/03/received PY - 2019/08/03/accepted PY - 2019/8/16/entrez KW - Geomyces destructans KW - Myotis emarginatus KW - Pseudogymnoascus pannorum KW - White-nose syndrome JF - Mycopathologia JO - Mycopathologia N2 - White-nose disease, caused by the dermatophyte Pseudogymnoascus destructans, is a devastating pathology that has caused a massive decline in the US bat populations. In Europe, this fungus and the related infection in bats have been recorded in several countries and for many bat species, although no mass mortality has been detected. This study reports for the first time the presence of P. destructans in Italy. The fungus was isolated in the Rio Martino cave, a site located in the Western Alps and included in the Natura 2000 network. Twenty bats, belonging to five different species, were analysed. The fungus was retrieved on eight individuals of Myotis emarginatus. The allied keratolytic species P. pannorum was observed on two other individuals, also belonging to M. emarginatus. Strains were isolated in pure culture and characterized morphologically. Results were validated through molecular analyses. Future work should be dedicated to understand the distribution and the effects of the two Pseudogymnoascus species on Italian bats. SN - 1573-0832 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31414314/First_Isolation_of_Pseudogymnoascus_destructans,_the_Fungal_Causative_Agent_of_White-Nose_Disease,_in_Bats_from_Italy L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11046-019-00371-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -