IL-17A neutralizing antibody attenuates eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis by involving IL-17RA/Traf6/NF-κB signaling.Exp Cell Res. 2019 11 01; 384(1):111554.EC
Angiostrongylus cantonensis (A. cantonensis) is a foodborne parasite that can invade the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in eosinophilic meningitis (EM). However, the mechanism by which A. cantonensis causes eosinophilic infiltration into CNS is not well understood.
In this study eosinophilic infiltration into the CNS caused by A. cantonensis was assessed based on eosinophil counts and evaluation of interleukin (IL)-5 and -13 levels by real-time PCR in brain of Balb/c mice. The expression and activation of IL-17A, IL17 receptor (IL-17R A), and IL-17RC and the related signaling molecules nuclear factor (NF)-κB1, NF-κB2, NF-κB activator (Act)1, tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (Traf)5, and Traf6 during A. cantonensis infection in brain tissue of Balb/c mice were examined by real-time, western blotting and immunofluroence. A. cantonensis-infected Balb/c mice were treated with IL-17A neutralizing antibody to evaluate the role of IL17A in eosinophil accumulation in the CNS.
Our results showed A. cantonensis infection caused eosinophil accumulation and alterations in IL-5 and -13 levels. The expression of IL-17A and -17RA, Act1, and Traf6 but not of IL-17RC and Traf5 was upregulated during infection; this was accompanied by NF-κB1 and -κB2 activation. Importantly, application of IL-17A neutralizing antibody attenuated eosinophil accumulation in CNS and reversed the changes in IL-5 and -13 expression caused by A. cantonensis infection. Additionally, IL-17RA and Traf6 levels decreased, which was accompanied by NF-κB inactivation.
IL-17A plays an important role in EM caused by A. cantonensis, possibly through activation of NF-κB via the IL-17RA/Traf6 signaling pathway. These findings highlight the potential for using IL-17A neutralizing antibody as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of EM.