Preparation and Evaluation of the Fully Humanized Monoclonal Antibody GD-mAb Against Respiratory Syncytial Virus.Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2019; 9:275FC
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major cause of pulmonary and bronchial inflammation in infants, young children, and immunocompromised adults, but therapeutic options to control RSV are limited. In the present study a single chain antibody against RSV (GD-scFv) was screened using phage display library panning technology and a full-length monoclonal antibody (GD-mAb) was developed from GD-scFv based on the sequence encoding Ig VH and Ig VL. The anti-RSV potential of GD-mAb was evaluated in vitro and in mice. Our results indicated that both GD-scFv (4.25 ± 2 nM) and GD-mAb (3.13 ± 0.89 nM) showed high binding capability and strong binding specificity to GD protein. GD-mAb effectively neutralized RSV and reduced the plaque number in a concentration-dependent manner through a plaque reduction neutralization assay. In mice, GD-mAb lowered the lung index and reduced the lung virus titer in the mouse lung (p < 0.05). Antibody treatment reduced the phosphorylated protein level in pathways of TLR4/NF-κB, MAPKs, and PI3K/Akt (p < 0.05) and correlated with an absence of pro-inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in the mouse lung and serum (p < 0.05). In summary, these data suggest that GD-mAb may be an effective therapeutic agent for the treatment of RSV infections. Importance Currently, only a few therapeutic options are available to control respiratory RSV in humans. In this study, our group developed a full-length monoclonal antibody (GD-mAb) and reported a high binding specificity of the RSV surface glycoproteins G. Moreover, GD-mAb effectively neutralized RSV in vitro, and significantly lowered the lung index and reduced the lung virus titer in an infected mouse lung, which suggests that GD-mAb may serve as an effective antiviral agent for RSV infection.