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Patterns of Help-Seeking Behavior Among Victims of Teen Dating Violence and Abuse: Variations Among Boys and Girls.
J Sch Health. 2019 10; 89(10):791-799.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Despite the extensive research on rates of teen dating violence and abuse and its' consequences, less is known about help-seeking behaviors among victims. The goals of this study were to document patterns of help-seeking behaviors among teen victims of dating violence and abuse and examine sex differences related to such patterns.

METHODS

The study involved cross-sectional surveys of 3745 dating youth from 10 middle and high schools in the northeastern United States, 59% of whom reported some kind of dating abuse victimization. We examined the characteristics of youth who reported any type of dating abuse victimization comparing youth who reported seeking help to youth who did not report seeking help following their victimization.

RESULTS

Only 9% of victims reported seeking help after their victimization experience. Help-seeking differed significantly by sex; female victims were more likely to seek help than male victims, and the types of dating abuse that help-seekers experienced also varied by sex. Overall, 17% of youth sought help from school counselors and 13% sought help from teachers.

CONCLUSIONS

Results suggest that help-seeking behavior is very uncommon among victim populations, particularly if they are not part of specific dating violence prevention programs. In addition, we found female victims were nearly 2 times more likely to seek help than male victims. Given that few youth seek help on their own, schools might create more formalized reporting mechanisms to ensure such violence is addressed effectively and efficiently, and create peer and parental support networks to build awareness and create comfort for victims.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Crime and Justice Institute at Community Resources for Justice, 355 Boylston Street, Boston, MA, 02116.The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street NW, Washington, DC, 20037.John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 524 West 59th Street, New York, NY, 10019.The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street NW, Washington, DC, 20037.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31418170

Citation

Lachman, Pamela, et al. "Patterns of Help-Seeking Behavior Among Victims of Teen Dating Violence and Abuse: Variations Among Boys and Girls." The Journal of School Health, vol. 89, no. 10, 2019, pp. 791-799.
Lachman P, Zweig J, Dank M, et al. Patterns of Help-Seeking Behavior Among Victims of Teen Dating Violence and Abuse: Variations Among Boys and Girls. J Sch Health. 2019;89(10):791-799.
Lachman, P., Zweig, J., Dank, M., & Yahner, J. (2019). Patterns of Help-Seeking Behavior Among Victims of Teen Dating Violence and Abuse: Variations Among Boys and Girls. The Journal of School Health, 89(10), 791-799. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12816
Lachman P, et al. Patterns of Help-Seeking Behavior Among Victims of Teen Dating Violence and Abuse: Variations Among Boys and Girls. J Sch Health. 2019;89(10):791-799. PubMed PMID: 31418170.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Patterns of Help-Seeking Behavior Among Victims of Teen Dating Violence and Abuse: Variations Among Boys and Girls. AU - Lachman,Pamela, AU - Zweig,Janine, AU - Dank,Meredith, AU - Yahner,Jennifer, Y1 - 2019/08/15/ PY - 2016/09/30/received PY - 2018/02/03/revised PY - 2019/07/01/accepted PY - 2019/8/17/pubmed PY - 2020/7/1/medline PY - 2019/8/17/entrez KW - child and adolescent health KW - dating violence KW - risk behaviors SP - 791 EP - 799 JF - The Journal of school health JO - J Sch Health VL - 89 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive research on rates of teen dating violence and abuse and its' consequences, less is known about help-seeking behaviors among victims. The goals of this study were to document patterns of help-seeking behaviors among teen victims of dating violence and abuse and examine sex differences related to such patterns. METHODS: The study involved cross-sectional surveys of 3745 dating youth from 10 middle and high schools in the northeastern United States, 59% of whom reported some kind of dating abuse victimization. We examined the characteristics of youth who reported any type of dating abuse victimization comparing youth who reported seeking help to youth who did not report seeking help following their victimization. RESULTS: Only 9% of victims reported seeking help after their victimization experience. Help-seeking differed significantly by sex; female victims were more likely to seek help than male victims, and the types of dating abuse that help-seekers experienced also varied by sex. Overall, 17% of youth sought help from school counselors and 13% sought help from teachers. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that help-seeking behavior is very uncommon among victim populations, particularly if they are not part of specific dating violence prevention programs. In addition, we found female victims were nearly 2 times more likely to seek help than male victims. Given that few youth seek help on their own, schools might create more formalized reporting mechanisms to ensure such violence is addressed effectively and efficiently, and create peer and parental support networks to build awareness and create comfort for victims. SN - 1746-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31418170/Patterns_of_Help_Seeking_Behavior_Among_Victims_of_Teen_Dating_Violence_and_Abuse:_Variations_Among_Boys_and_Girls_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12816 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -