Holmium:Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet Laser Pulse Type Affects Irrigation Temperatures in a Benchtop Ureteral Model.J Endourol 2019; 33(11):896-901JE
Introduction: MOSES™ technology is a holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser pulse mode shown to minimize stone retropulsion. This may facilitate lithotripsy at higher power settings. However, power and heat production are proportional, and temperatures capable of tissue injury may occur during ureteroscopic lithotripsy. Although previous in vitro studies demonstrate the importance of irrigation and activation time on heat production, the impact of pulse type has not been evaluated.