[Effect of Low-Dose Triptolide and Sorafenib Alone and Their Combination on AML Cell Line MV411 and the Pathway of STAT5].Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2019; 27(4):1088-1093ZS
To investigate the effects of inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis of low-dose triptolide and sorafenib alone or in combination on FLT3-ITD+ acute myeloid leukemia cell line MV4-11 and STAT5 pathway.
The MV4-11 cells were treated with low dose triptolide(IC20) and sorafenib(IC50) alone or in combination for 48 hours. The cell proliferation and inhibition were detected by using CCK-8 kit, the cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of FLT3,STAT5 in mRNA and protein levels was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.
The treatment of MV4-11 cells with low dose triptolide and sorafenib alone and in combination for 48 hours could inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis, moreover the inhibitory rate and apoptotic rate of MV4-11 cells in drug-combination group both were higher than those in single drug group. The mRNA expression and protein expression of FLT3,STAT5 signaling pathway in drug combination group were significantly lower than those in single drug group.
Low-dose triptolide combined with sorafenib can synergistically inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of MV4-11 cells, which may be related with the inhibition of FLT3 and STAT5 pathway.