Efficacy of oral recombinant methioninase combined with oxaliplatinum and 5-fluorouracil on primary colon cancer in a patient-derived orthotopic xenograft mouse model.Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2019; 518(2):306-310BB
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of oral recombinant methioninase (o-rMETase) on a colon cancer primary tumor using a patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) nude mouse model. Forty colon cancer primary tumor PDOX mouse models were divided into 4 groups of 10 mice each (total 40 mice) by measuring the tumor size. The groups were as follows: untreated control; 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (50 mg/kg, once a week for two weeks, N = 10 mice) and oxaliplatinum (OXA) (6 mg/kg, once a week for two weeks, N = 10 mice); o-rMETase (100 units/day, oral 14 consecutive days, N = 10 mice); combination of 5-FU + OXA and o-rMETase (N = 10 mice). All treatments inhibited tumor growth compared to the untreated control. The combination of 5-FU + OXA and o-rMETase was significantly more efficacious than other treatments. The present study demonstrates the efficacy of o-rMETase combination therapy on a PDOX colon cancer primary tumor, suggesting potential clinical development of o-rMETase in recalcitrant cancer.