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Integrated metabolomics and 16S rRNA sequencing to investigate the regulation of Chinese yam on antibiotic-induced intestinal dysbiosis in rats.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019 Dec; 47(1):3382-3390.AC

Abstract

Objective:

Antibiotics have saved hundreds of millions of patient's lives, but there are also many side effects. This paper mainly studies the regulation of Chinese yam on antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis in rats.

Methods:

Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups, normal control group, antibiotic group, and Chinese yam group. In the antibiotic group and the yam group, a rat model of intestinal dysfunction was established by intragastric administration of imipenem/cilastatin sodium (antibiotic) for 21 days. The yam group was also given yam decoction for intervention. The fecal samples of each group of rats were analyzed using an ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) method to find potential biomarkers. The DNA in the feces was extracted, and analyzed using 16S rDNA method to find the differential flora. Spearman correlation analysis was performed on differential flora and differential metabolites to determine the main metabolic pathways of the host after intestinal flora dysregulation.

Results:

The administration of antibiotics can lead to disorders of intestinal flora, decreased microbial diversity, and changes in host metabolic phenotype. Chinese yam can significantly improve the intestinal flora, making the host's metabolic phenotype tend toward normal.

Conclusion:

Long-term use of Imipenem/cilastatin sodium can cause disturbance of intestinal flora in normal rats. Chinese yam may regulate intestinal flora disorder and have potential prebiotic effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine , Zhengzhou , China.School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine , Zhengzhou , China.School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine , Zhengzhou , China.School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine , Zhengzhou , China.School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine , Zhengzhou , China. Collaborative Innovation Center for Respiratory Disease Diagnosis and Treatment & Chinese Medicine Development of Henan Province , Zhengzhou , China.School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine , Zhengzhou , China. Collaborative Innovation Center for Respiratory Disease Diagnosis and Treatment & Chinese Medicine Development of Henan Province , Zhengzhou , China.School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine , Zhengzhou , China. Collaborative Innovation Center for Respiratory Disease Diagnosis and Treatment & Chinese Medicine Development of Henan Province , Zhengzhou , China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31422707

Citation

Sun, Yaping, et al. "Integrated Metabolomics and 16S rRNA Sequencing to Investigate the Regulation of Chinese Yam On Antibiotic-induced Intestinal Dysbiosis in Rats." Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology, vol. 47, no. 1, 2019, pp. 3382-3390.
Sun Y, Liu T, Si Y, et al. Integrated metabolomics and 16S rRNA sequencing to investigate the regulation of Chinese yam on antibiotic-induced intestinal dysbiosis in rats. Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019;47(1):3382-3390.
Sun, Y., Liu, T., Si, Y., Cao, B., Zhang, Y., Zheng, X., & Feng, W. (2019). Integrated metabolomics and 16S rRNA sequencing to investigate the regulation of Chinese yam on antibiotic-induced intestinal dysbiosis in rats. Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology, 47(1), 3382-3390. https://doi.org/10.1080/21691401.2019.1649271
Sun Y, et al. Integrated Metabolomics and 16S rRNA Sequencing to Investigate the Regulation of Chinese Yam On Antibiotic-induced Intestinal Dysbiosis in Rats. Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019;47(1):3382-3390. PubMed PMID: 31422707.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Integrated metabolomics and 16S rRNA sequencing to investigate the regulation of Chinese yam on antibiotic-induced intestinal dysbiosis in rats. AU - Sun,Yaping, AU - Liu,Tong, AU - Si,Yanpo, AU - Cao,Bing, AU - Zhang,Yanli, AU - Zheng,Xiaoke, AU - Feng,Weisheng, PY - 2019/8/20/entrez PY - 2019/8/20/pubmed PY - 2020/1/14/medline KW - 16S rDNA KW - Chinese yam KW - Imipenem/cilastatin KW - UPLC-Q-TOF/MS KW - intestinal dysbiosis SP - 3382 EP - 3390 JF - Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology JO - Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol VL - 47 IS - 1 N2 - Objective: Antibiotics have saved hundreds of millions of patient's lives, but there are also many side effects. This paper mainly studies the regulation of Chinese yam on antibiotic-induced gut dysbiosis in rats. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups, normal control group, antibiotic group, and Chinese yam group. In the antibiotic group and the yam group, a rat model of intestinal dysfunction was established by intragastric administration of imipenem/cilastatin sodium (antibiotic) for 21 days. The yam group was also given yam decoction for intervention. The fecal samples of each group of rats were analyzed using an ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) method to find potential biomarkers. The DNA in the feces was extracted, and analyzed using 16S rDNA method to find the differential flora. Spearman correlation analysis was performed on differential flora and differential metabolites to determine the main metabolic pathways of the host after intestinal flora dysregulation. Results: The administration of antibiotics can lead to disorders of intestinal flora, decreased microbial diversity, and changes in host metabolic phenotype. Chinese yam can significantly improve the intestinal flora, making the host's metabolic phenotype tend toward normal. Conclusion: Long-term use of Imipenem/cilastatin sodium can cause disturbance of intestinal flora in normal rats. Chinese yam may regulate intestinal flora disorder and have potential prebiotic effects. SN - 2169-141X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31422707/Integrated_metabolomics_and_16S_rRNA_sequencing_to_investigate_the_regulation_of_Chinese_yam_on_antibiotic_induced_intestinal_dysbiosis_in_rats_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21691401.2019.1649271 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -