Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Association between Grain Intake, Nutrient Intake, and Diet Quality of Canadians: Evidence from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition 2015.
Nutrients. 2019 Aug 17; 11(8)N

Abstract

The new Canada's Food Guide (CFG) recommends whole grains foods as the primary choice of grain products in the daily diet. This study examined whether higher shares of whole-grain consumption, beyond the recommended levels (i.e., above half) of the daily grain intake, are linked with optimal diet quality and intakes of some key nutrients, for both children and adolescents and adults in Canada. To meet the objective of this study, we used the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)-Nutrition 2015, which is a nationally representative data. We employed the propensity score matching (PSM) method in this study. PSM estimates the exposure effect when a set of individuals are exposed to a specific treatment (food group intake in this study) in a non-experimental setting. The results of our analyses implied that a high consumption of whole grains is associated with a good diet quality. However, after a certain level of whole-grain consumption, no significant differences can be observed in diet quality scores of children and adolescents and adults. Moreover, it was observed that the proportion of obese and overweight individuals was significantly lower among adults that had balanced intakes of whole and non-whole grains. The results of logistic regression analyses also showed the probability of being obese and overweight is significantly lower in the case of adults with balanced intakes of grains. However, no significant differences were observed in the prevalence of obesity and overweight across whole grains consumption patterns for children and adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada.Professor Emerita of Foods Nutrition, St. Catherine University, St. Paul, MN 55105, USA.College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada. vatan.h@usask.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31426505

Citation

Hosseini, Seyed H., et al. "Association Between Grain Intake, Nutrient Intake, and Diet Quality of Canadians: Evidence From the Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition 2015." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 8, 2019.
Hosseini SH, Jones JM, Vatanparast H. Association between Grain Intake, Nutrient Intake, and Diet Quality of Canadians: Evidence from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition 2015. Nutrients. 2019;11(8).
Hosseini, S. H., Jones, J. M., & Vatanparast, H. (2019). Association between Grain Intake, Nutrient Intake, and Diet Quality of Canadians: Evidence from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition 2015. Nutrients, 11(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11081937
Hosseini SH, Jones JM, Vatanparast H. Association Between Grain Intake, Nutrient Intake, and Diet Quality of Canadians: Evidence From the Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition 2015. Nutrients. 2019 Aug 17;11(8) PubMed PMID: 31426505.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association between Grain Intake, Nutrient Intake, and Diet Quality of Canadians: Evidence from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition 2015. AU - Hosseini,Seyed H, AU - Jones,Julie M, AU - Vatanparast,Hassan, Y1 - 2019/08/17/ PY - 2019/07/17/received PY - 2019/08/14/revised PY - 2019/08/14/accepted PY - 2019/8/21/entrez PY - 2019/8/21/pubmed PY - 2020/2/8/medline KW - balanced intakes of grain KW - obesity KW - propensity score matching KW - whole grains JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 8 N2 - The new Canada's Food Guide (CFG) recommends whole grains foods as the primary choice of grain products in the daily diet. This study examined whether higher shares of whole-grain consumption, beyond the recommended levels (i.e., above half) of the daily grain intake, are linked with optimal diet quality and intakes of some key nutrients, for both children and adolescents and adults in Canada. To meet the objective of this study, we used the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS)-Nutrition 2015, which is a nationally representative data. We employed the propensity score matching (PSM) method in this study. PSM estimates the exposure effect when a set of individuals are exposed to a specific treatment (food group intake in this study) in a non-experimental setting. The results of our analyses implied that a high consumption of whole grains is associated with a good diet quality. However, after a certain level of whole-grain consumption, no significant differences can be observed in diet quality scores of children and adolescents and adults. Moreover, it was observed that the proportion of obese and overweight individuals was significantly lower among adults that had balanced intakes of whole and non-whole grains. The results of logistic regression analyses also showed the probability of being obese and overweight is significantly lower in the case of adults with balanced intakes of grains. However, no significant differences were observed in the prevalence of obesity and overweight across whole grains consumption patterns for children and adolescents. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31426505/Association_between_Grain_Intake_Nutrient_Intake_and_Diet_Quality_of_Canadians:_Evidence_from_the_Canadian_Community_Health_Survey_Nutrition_2015_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11081937 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -