Diagnostic yield of the Japan NBI Expert Team (JNET) classification for endoscopic diagnosis of superficial colorectal neoplasms in a large-scale clinical practice database.United European Gastroenterol J 2019; 7(7):914-923UE
Magnifying Narrow Band Imaging (NBI) during colonoscopy is a reliable method for differential and depth diagnoses of colorectal lesions. This study examined the diagnostic yield of magnifying NBI based on the Japan NBI Expert Team (JNET) classification in a clinical setting using a large-scale clinical practice database. Types 1, 2A, 2B and 3 correspond to the histopathological classifications of hyperplastic polyp/sessile-serrated polyp, low-grade intramucosal neoplasia, high-grade intramucosal neoplasia/shallow submucosal invasive cancer, and deep submucosal invasive cancer, respectively.
The prospective records of colonoscopy reports and pathological data of 1558 consecutive superficial colorectal lesions removed by colonoscopy were retrospectively analysed. After excluding 156 lesions, the documented JNET classifications of the remaining 1402 colorectal lesions were analysed. Diagnostic yield was analysed and also compared between expert endoscopists and nonexpert endoscopists.
The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy were respectively 75%, 96%, 74%, 96% and 93% for type 1; 91%, 70%, 92%, 67% and 87% for type 2A; 42%, 95%, 26%, 98% and 93% for type 2B; and 35%, 100%, 93%, 98% and 98% for type 3. Nonexpert and expert endoscopists alike had specificity, NPV and accuracy >90% for types 1, 2B and 3, and a sensitivity and PPV >90% for type 2A. Type 2B had a low sensitivity of 42% because it included various histological features.
The JNET classification proved useful in a clinical setting both for expert and nonexpert endoscopists, as was expected from the original JNET definition, but type 2B requires further investigation using pit pattern diagnosis.