Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV Infection.
Clin Obstet Gynecol 2019; 62(4):816-822CO

Abstract

Opportunistic infections are those that are either more frequent or more severe as a result of the patient's immunosuppressed condition. Opportunistic infections are, of course, the distinguishing feature of HIV infection, and they can be the cause of serious morbidity and even mortality. Some opportunistic infections can be prevented by vaccination, for example, pneumococcal infection, meningococcal infection, influenza, hepatitis A and B, and varicella. Other major opportunistic infections require prophylactic antibiotics or antiviral medications. In obstetric patients, pneumocystis infections and toxoplasmosis are most effectively prevented by the administration of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The most effective agents for prevention of reactivation of tuberculosis are isoniazid, rifampin, and rifapentine. Fluconazole is of value in preventing cryptococcal infection and candidiasis. Acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famiclovir are effective in preventing recurrent outbreaks of herpes simplex virus. Ultimately; however, the best way to prevent opportunistic infections is to treat the patient with highly active antiretroviral agents and restore her immune competence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31433312

Citation

Duff, Patrick. "Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV Infection." Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 62, no. 4, 2019, pp. 816-822.
Duff P. Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV Infection. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2019;62(4):816-822.
Duff, P. (2019). Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV Infection. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 62(4), pp. 816-822. doi:10.1097/GRF.0000000000000483.
Duff P. Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV Infection. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2019;62(4):816-822. PubMed PMID: 31433312.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevention of Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV Infection. A1 - Duff,Patrick, PY - 2019/8/23/pubmed PY - 2019/8/23/medline PY - 2019/8/22/entrez SP - 816 EP - 822 JF - Clinical obstetrics and gynecology JO - Clin Obstet Gynecol VL - 62 IS - 4 N2 - Opportunistic infections are those that are either more frequent or more severe as a result of the patient's immunosuppressed condition. Opportunistic infections are, of course, the distinguishing feature of HIV infection, and they can be the cause of serious morbidity and even mortality. Some opportunistic infections can be prevented by vaccination, for example, pneumococcal infection, meningococcal infection, influenza, hepatitis A and B, and varicella. Other major opportunistic infections require prophylactic antibiotics or antiviral medications. In obstetric patients, pneumocystis infections and toxoplasmosis are most effectively prevented by the administration of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The most effective agents for prevention of reactivation of tuberculosis are isoniazid, rifampin, and rifapentine. Fluconazole is of value in preventing cryptococcal infection and candidiasis. Acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famiclovir are effective in preventing recurrent outbreaks of herpes simplex virus. Ultimately; however, the best way to prevent opportunistic infections is to treat the patient with highly active antiretroviral agents and restore her immune competence. SN - 1532-5520 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31433312/Prevention_of_Opportunistic_Infections_in_Women_With_HIV_Infection L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=31433312 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -