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Consumption and Sources of Saturated Fatty Acids According to the 2019 Canada Food Guide: Data from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey.
Nutrients 2019; 11(9)N

Abstract

The 2019 revised version of Canada's Food Guide (CFG) recommends limiting the consumption of processed foods that are high in saturated fatty acids (SFA). Yet, the contributions of each CFG group to the total SFA intake of Canadians are not specifically known. The objectives of this study were to quantify the total SFA intake of Canadians, determine the sources of SFA consumed by Canadian adults, and identify potential differences in these sources. A nation representative sample from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS - Nutrition 2015) was used for these analyses. Dietary intakes were measured using a single 24-h recall. Food sources of SFA were classified according to the revised 2019 CFG categories. We have also examined the contribution of foods not included in these three categories to total SFA intake. Among Canadian adults, total SFA contributed to 10.4 ± 0.1% (SE) of total energy intake (E). The "Protein foods" (47.7 ± 0.5% with 23.2 ± 0.4% from milk and alternatives and 24.5 ± 0.4% from meats and alternatives) and "All other foods" (44.2 ± 0.5%) categories were the main sources of total SFA intake. Few differences in SFA sources were identified between sexes, age groups, education levels, and body mass index (BMI) categories. These data show that the mean SFA consumption is greater than the 10% E cut-off previously proposed in Canada. Future studies should examine which food substitution is most likely to contribute to a greater reduction in SFA intake at the population level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre Nutrition, santé et société (NUTRISS), Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada. School of Nutrition, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada.Centre Nutrition, santé et société (NUTRISS), Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada. School of Nutrition, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada.Centre Nutrition, santé et société (NUTRISS), Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada. School of Nutrition, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada.Centre Nutrition, santé et société (NUTRISS), Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada. benoit.lamarche@fsaa.ulaval.ca. School of Nutrition, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada. benoit.lamarche@fsaa.ulaval.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31438574

Citation

Harrison, Stéphanie, et al. "Consumption and Sources of Saturated Fatty Acids According to the 2019 Canada Food Guide: Data From the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 9, 2019.
Harrison S, Brassard D, Lemieux S, et al. Consumption and Sources of Saturated Fatty Acids According to the 2019 Canada Food Guide: Data from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey. Nutrients. 2019;11(9).
Harrison, S., Brassard, D., Lemieux, S., & Lamarche, B. (2019). Consumption and Sources of Saturated Fatty Acids According to the 2019 Canada Food Guide: Data from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey. Nutrients, 11(9), doi:10.3390/nu11091964.
Harrison S, et al. Consumption and Sources of Saturated Fatty Acids According to the 2019 Canada Food Guide: Data From the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey. Nutrients. 2019 Aug 21;11(9) PubMed PMID: 31438574.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption and Sources of Saturated Fatty Acids According to the 2019 Canada Food Guide: Data from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey. AU - Harrison,Stéphanie, AU - Brassard,Didier, AU - Lemieux,Simone, AU - Lamarche,Benoît, Y1 - 2019/08/21/ PY - 2019/07/12/received PY - 2019/08/15/revised PY - 2019/08/19/accepted PY - 2019/8/24/entrez KW - CCHS 2015 KW - Canada KW - Canada’s Food Guide KW - Canadian adults KW - saturated fats JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 9 N2 - The 2019 revised version of Canada's Food Guide (CFG) recommends limiting the consumption of processed foods that are high in saturated fatty acids (SFA). Yet, the contributions of each CFG group to the total SFA intake of Canadians are not specifically known. The objectives of this study were to quantify the total SFA intake of Canadians, determine the sources of SFA consumed by Canadian adults, and identify potential differences in these sources. A nation representative sample from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS - Nutrition 2015) was used for these analyses. Dietary intakes were measured using a single 24-h recall. Food sources of SFA were classified according to the revised 2019 CFG categories. We have also examined the contribution of foods not included in these three categories to total SFA intake. Among Canadian adults, total SFA contributed to 10.4 ± 0.1% (SE) of total energy intake (E). The "Protein foods" (47.7 ± 0.5% with 23.2 ± 0.4% from milk and alternatives and 24.5 ± 0.4% from meats and alternatives) and "All other foods" (44.2 ± 0.5%) categories were the main sources of total SFA intake. Few differences in SFA sources were identified between sexes, age groups, education levels, and body mass index (BMI) categories. These data show that the mean SFA consumption is greater than the 10% E cut-off previously proposed in Canada. Future studies should examine which food substitution is most likely to contribute to a greater reduction in SFA intake at the population level. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31438574/Consumption_and_Sources_of_Saturated_Fatty_Acids_According_to_the_2019_Canada_Food_Guide:_Data_from_the_2015_Canadian_Community_Health_Survey_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11091964 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -