Purified human and recombinant murine interleukin-1 alpha induced accumulation of inflammatory peritoneal neutrophils and mononuclear phagocytes: possible contributions to antibacterial resistance.Microb Pathog. 1987 Nov; 3(5):377-86.MP
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) mediates a number of proinflammatory biological responses that are thought to contribute to antibacterial resistance. In the present study we examined the ability of IL-1 to recruit inflammatory neutrophils and mononuclear phagocytes in vivo; a function that has been reported to be closely related to antibacterial resistance. Intraperitoneal injection of small amounts (1-10 LAF units) of purified human or recombinant murine IL-1 alpha (rIL-alpha) resulted in an increased influx of inflammatory neutrophils into the peritoneal cavity that peaked at 4-14 h after IL-1 injection. A small but consistent increase in peritoneal macrophages also was observed at 72 h after rIL-1 alpha injection. The ability of rIL-1 alpha to induce neutrophil accumulation was uninfluenced by polymyxin B, was sensitive to heat treatment (100 degrees C for 1 h), and was observed after i.p. injection into LPS-nonresponsive C3H/HeJ mice. These three lines of evidence suggested that contaminating LPS did not contribute substantially to rIL-1 alpha induced accumulation of neutrophils. Treatment of mice with indomethacin or nordihydroguaiaretic acid did not abrogate rIL-1 alpha induced neutrophil accumulation. Mice injected i.p. with increasing amounts of rIL-1 alpha demonstrated a corresponding enhancement of their resistance to an i.p. L. monocytogenes challenge 4 h later, thus suggesting that IL-1 mediated inflammatory phagocyte accumulation may contribute in part to nonspecific antibacterial resistance.