Flexible and Superhydrophobic Silver Nanoparticles Decorated Aligned Silver Nanowires Films as Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Substrates.Nanoscale Res Lett. 2019 Aug 22; 14(1):292.NR
Flexible and superhydrophobic silver nanoparticles decorated aligned silver nanowires (AgNWs@AgNPs) films were employed as efficient surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates to investigate the SERS properties of the Rhodamine B (RB). Aligned silver nanowires were fabricated via interface self-assembly technique and incorporated into shape memory polyurethane (SMPU) by hot-press method, which not only endow the composites with ordered array characteristics but also flexibility due to the presence of polymer. After an electrochemical deposition combined with a galvanic reaction, AgNWs@AgNPs was obtained. At last, the substrate was functioned with perfluorodecanethiol (PFDT), and the target flexible and superhydrophobic silver nanoparticles decorated aligned silver nanowires substrate was obtained. The substrate confines water droplet in a small area, and the analytes were enriched owing to the concentrating effect. The SERS assay using the as-synthesized flexible and superhydrophobic silver films as substrates can detect Rhodamine B as low as10-10 M. The mechanism is thought to relate to the formation of robust superhydrophobic film, which is based on micro- and nanoscaled hierarchical structure provided by the AgNWs@AgNPs layer, strong adhesion between the SMPU film and the AgNWs@AgNPs layer, and the low surface energy molecule adsorption on the silver surface. The combined superhydrophobic and flexible properties endow the SERS substrate with improved detection limit for practical SERS applications.