A study on the paraspinal muscle surface electromyography in acute nonspecific lower back pain.Medicine (Baltimore) 2019; 98(34):e16904M
Aim of this study was to determine if surface electromyography (sEMG) could provide objective data in monitoring the alteration of signal amplitude of myoelectric activity of the paraspinal muscles in the patients with acute nonspecific lower back pain (ANLBP), and to explore the correlation between sEMG data and symptom relief in the ANLBP patients before and after massage therapy.Forty-five ANLBP patients and 20 healthy subjects were enrolled into this study. Patients were given massage therapy for 1 week. The average electromyography (AEMG), visual analogue scale (VAS), and distance of finger to floor (DFTF) were measured before and after treatment.AEMG at flexion and maintained flexion positions were significantly higher in the ANLBP group compared to that in the control group. At extension position, in contrast, AEMG was significantly lower in the ANLBP patients than that of control group, and there was no significant difference between the 2 groups at upright position. After massage therapy for the ANLBP patients, AEMG was significantly reduced at flexion and maintained flexion positions, but significantly increased at extension position than that before treatment. VAS and DFTF were also significantly reduced after treatment. In addition, AEMG alteration at maintained flexion position was significantly correlated with improvement of VAS or DFTF.Myoelectric activity of the paraspinal muscles in the ANLBP patients was different from that of healthy subjects. Massage therapy not only relived patients' symptoms, but also normalized myoelectric activity of the paraspinal muscles in the ANLBP patients.