Salivary and plasma native and non-urate total antioxidant capacity versus oral health status in older non-smoking adults.Arch Oral Biol. 2019 Nov; 107:104515.AO
The aim of this study was to evaluate the salivary C-reactive protein and native and non-urate total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of saliva and plasma in relation to various oral health status indexes in older non-smoking adults.
Oral health status indices involved the Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth index, the number of decayed teeth, Approximal Plaque Index, Plaque Index and Community Periodontal Index with Treatment Needs. Sixty older patients (67.0 ± 4.5 years) with different levels of oral health were examined. Salivary C-reactive protein was assessed. The Ferric Reducing Ability of Saliva/Plasma (FRAS/FRAP) and 2.2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl test of saliva/plasma (DPPHS/DPPH) were used to assess the native and non-urate salivary (FRAS, non-urate FRAS, DPPHS, non-urate DPPHS, and plasma TAC (FRAP, non-urate FRAP, DPPH, non-urate DPPH).
Salivary C-reactive protein, native TAC and non-urate TAC did not correspond to any oral health status index. No relation was found for plasma native and non-urate TAC either. In multivariate analyses, age was the only independent predictor of DPPHS and salivary uric acid (p < 0.05) while non-urate DPPH was only negatively predicted by Body Mass Index (p < 0.001). None of oral health status indices was selected as an independent predictor of salivary and plasma TAC or C-reactive protein of saliva.
Oral health status indexes did not appear to influence the native or the non-urate local antioxidant status of saliva, or the systemic antioxidant status of plasma; they had no local effect related to salivary C-reactive protein. However, lower plasma non-urate antioxidant potential was related to overweight/obesity.