Rutin ameliorates mercuric chloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats via interfering with oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis.J Trace Elem Med Biol 2019; 56:60-68JT
Mercury is a global environmental pollutant and is responsible for several organ pathophysiology including oxidative stress-induced liver disorders. Therefore, the present study was conducted to evaluate the potential ameliorative effects of rutin on mercury chloride (HgCl2)-induced hepatotoxicity in adult male rats.
HgCl2 was intraperitoneally injected at a dose of 1.23 mg/kg body weight for 7 days alone or in combination with the orally rutin (50 and 100 mg/kg body weight).
Rutin treatment significantly improved liver function tests [alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)], and increased activities of antioxidant defense system [catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] and glutathione (GSH) content. The histological alterations and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in the HgCl2-induced liver tissues were decreased by administration of rutin. Furthermore, rutin reversed the changes in levels of apoptosis and inflammation related proteins involving p53, Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), cytochrome c, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), B-cell lymphoma-3(Bcl-3) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and inhibited p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and cysteine aspartate specific protease-3 (caspase-3) activations.
The data of the present study suggest that rutin effectively suppress HgCl2-induced hepatotoxicity by ameliorating oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis.