Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Association between Ready-to-Eat Cereal Consumption and Nutrient Intake, Nutritional Adequacy, and Diet Quality among Infants, Toddlers, and Children in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015-2016.
Nutrients 2019; 11(9)N

Abstract

Ready-to-eat (RTE) cereal is a popular food among children. However, there are no recent data on the associations between RTE cereal consumption and dietary outcomes in the U.S. Therefore, we sought to investigate how RTE cereal was associated with nutrient and food group intakes and overall dietary quality among children aged 0.5 to 17 years using the latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2015-2016). Thirty-six percent of children reported consuming RTE cereal. RTE cereal eaters consumed the same number of calories as non-eaters but had higher intakes of total carbohydrates, total sugar, fiber, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, and vitamin D, as well as lower intakes of total fat and saturated fat (p ≤ 0.0007). We also found that children who consumed RTE cereal had 29% higher total dairy intake (p < 0.0001) and 61% higher whole grain intake (p < 0.0001). Lastly, children who ate RTE cereal had higher diet quality than the children that did not eat RTE cereal, as shown by Healthy Eating Index 2015 total score (52.6 versus 47.7, p < 0.0001). Therefore, consumption of whole-grain fortified RTE cereals should be encouraged as part of healthy dietary patterns for children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, MN 55427, USA. Jessica.smith@genmills.com.Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, MN 55427, USA. yong.zhu@genmills.com.Global Knowledge Services, General Mills India Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, Maharashtra 400076, India. vipra.vanage@genmills.com.Global Knowledge Services, General Mills India Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai, Maharashtra 400076, India. neha.jain@genmills.com.Global Knowledge Solutions, General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, MN 55427, USA. nort.holschuh@genmills.com.Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, MN 55427, USA. aha28@cornell.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31443588

Citation

Smith, Jessica D., et al. "Association Between Ready-to-Eat Cereal Consumption and Nutrient Intake, Nutritional Adequacy, and Diet Quality Among Infants, Toddlers, and Children in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015-2016." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 9, 2019.
Smith JD, Zhu Y, Vanage V, et al. Association between Ready-to-Eat Cereal Consumption and Nutrient Intake, Nutritional Adequacy, and Diet Quality among Infants, Toddlers, and Children in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015-2016. Nutrients. 2019;11(9).
Smith, J. D., Zhu, Y., Vanage, V., Jain, N., Holschuh, N., & Hermetet Agler, A. (2019). Association between Ready-to-Eat Cereal Consumption and Nutrient Intake, Nutritional Adequacy, and Diet Quality among Infants, Toddlers, and Children in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015-2016. Nutrients, 11(9), doi:10.3390/nu11091989.
Smith JD, et al. Association Between Ready-to-Eat Cereal Consumption and Nutrient Intake, Nutritional Adequacy, and Diet Quality Among Infants, Toddlers, and Children in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015-2016. Nutrients. 2019 Aug 23;11(9) PubMed PMID: 31443588.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association between Ready-to-Eat Cereal Consumption and Nutrient Intake, Nutritional Adequacy, and Diet Quality among Infants, Toddlers, and Children in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015-2016. AU - Smith,Jessica D, AU - Zhu,Yong, AU - Vanage,Vipra, AU - Jain,Neha, AU - Holschuh,Norton, AU - Hermetet Agler,Anne, Y1 - 2019/08/23/ PY - 2019/06/25/received PY - 2019/08/13/revised PY - 2019/08/20/accepted PY - 2019/8/25/entrez KW - Healthy Eating Index 2015 KW - children KW - dietary reference intakes KW - food groups KW - nutrients of public health concern KW - ready-to-eat cereal KW - whole grains JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 9 N2 - Ready-to-eat (RTE) cereal is a popular food among children. However, there are no recent data on the associations between RTE cereal consumption and dietary outcomes in the U.S. Therefore, we sought to investigate how RTE cereal was associated with nutrient and food group intakes and overall dietary quality among children aged 0.5 to 17 years using the latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2015-2016). Thirty-six percent of children reported consuming RTE cereal. RTE cereal eaters consumed the same number of calories as non-eaters but had higher intakes of total carbohydrates, total sugar, fiber, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, and vitamin D, as well as lower intakes of total fat and saturated fat (p ≤ 0.0007). We also found that children who consumed RTE cereal had 29% higher total dairy intake (p < 0.0001) and 61% higher whole grain intake (p < 0.0001). Lastly, children who ate RTE cereal had higher diet quality than the children that did not eat RTE cereal, as shown by Healthy Eating Index 2015 total score (52.6 versus 47.7, p < 0.0001). Therefore, consumption of whole-grain fortified RTE cereals should be encouraged as part of healthy dietary patterns for children. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31443588/Association_between_Ready-to-Eat_Cereal_Consumption_and_Nutrient_Intake,_Nutritional_Adequacy,_and_Diet_Quality_among_Infants,_Toddlers,_and_Children_in_the_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_2015-2016 L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11091989 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -