Producing an Emulsified Meat System by Partially Substituting Pig Fat with Nanoemulsions that Contain Antioxidant Compounds: The Effect on Oxidative Stability, Nutritional Contribution, and Texture Profile.Foods. 2019 Aug 23; 8(9)F
The objective of this study was the incorporation of a water-oil (W/O) nanoemulsion for the partial substitution of pig fats and the addition of antioxidant compounds in an emulsified meat system (EMS). The nanoemulsion was formulated with orange essential oil and cactus acid fruit (xoconostle). The treatments were different percentages (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5%) of the nanoemulsion for the substitution of pig fat in the EMS. The proximal analysis (moisture, protein, fat, and ash), texture profile (hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, and chewiness), phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-Azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), and 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were evaluated. All variables showed significant differences (p < 0.05). The results for protein, fat, and ash exhibited increments with the addition of the nanoemulsion, and moisture loss was reduced. The profile showed increments in hardness and chewiness. The addition of the nanoemulsion incremented the phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity (DPPH and ABTS), decreased production of Malonaldehyde, and reduced lipid oxidation. The result of the addition of the nanoemulsion in the EMS is a product with a substantial nutritional contribution, antioxidant capacity, and excellent shelf life.