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Initial and Sustained Response Effects of 3 Vagal Maneuvers in Supraventricular Tachycardia: A Randomized, Clinical Trial.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

For acute termination of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), vagal maneuvers, including the standard Valsalva maneuver (sVM), modified Valsalva (mVM) maneuver, and carotid sinus massage (CSM), are first-line interventions. There is no criterion standard technique.

OBJECTIVE

This prospective, randomized study was aimed at analyzing the success rates of these 3 vagal maneuvers as measured by sustaining sinus rhythm at the fifth minute and SVT termination.

METHODS

We conducted this prospective, randomized controlled study in an emergency department (ED). We enrolled all the patients who were admitted to the ED and diagnosed with SVT. We randomly assigned them to 3 groups receiving sVM, mVM, and CSM and recorded the patients' responses to the vagal maneuvers and SVT recurrence after vagal maneuvers.

RESULTS

The study was completed with 98 patients. A total of 25 (25.5%) instances of SVT were initially treated successfully with vagal maneuvers. The success rate was 43.7% (14/32 cases) from mVM, 24.2% (8/33) for sVM, and 9.1 % (3/33) for CSM (p < 0.05). At the end of the fifth minute, only 12.2% (12/98) of all patients had sinus rhythm. Sinus rhythm persisted in 28.1% (9/32) of patients in the mVM group, 6.1% (2/33) of patients in the sVM group, and 3% (1/33) in the CSM group at the fifth minute (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

mVM is superior to the CSM maneuver in terminating SVT and maintaining rhythm. We conclude that it is beneficial to use mVM, which is more effective and lacks side effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Emergency Medicine, Sanlıurfa Research and Training Hospital, Sanlıurfa, Turkey.Department of Emergency Medicine, Marmara University Pendik Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.Department of Emergency Medicine, Sanlıurfa Research and Training Hospital, Sanlıurfa, Turkey.Department of Emergency Medicine, Marmara University Pendik Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.Department of Emergency Medicine, Marmara University Pendik Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31443919

Citation

Ceylan, Ezgi, et al. "Initial and Sustained Response Effects of 3 Vagal Maneuvers in Supraventricular Tachycardia: a Randomized, Clinical Trial." The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2019.
Ceylan E, Ozpolat C, Onur O, et al. Initial and Sustained Response Effects of 3 Vagal Maneuvers in Supraventricular Tachycardia: A Randomized, Clinical Trial. J Emerg Med. 2019.
Ceylan, E., Ozpolat, C., Onur, O., Akoglu, H., & Denizbasi, A. (2019). Initial and Sustained Response Effects of 3 Vagal Maneuvers in Supraventricular Tachycardia: A Randomized, Clinical Trial. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.06.008.
Ceylan E, et al. Initial and Sustained Response Effects of 3 Vagal Maneuvers in Supraventricular Tachycardia: a Randomized, Clinical Trial. J Emerg Med. 2019 Aug 20; PubMed PMID: 31443919.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Initial and Sustained Response Effects of 3 Vagal Maneuvers in Supraventricular Tachycardia: A Randomized, Clinical Trial. AU - Ceylan,Ezgi, AU - Ozpolat,Cigdem, AU - Onur,Ozge, AU - Akoglu,Haldun, AU - Denizbasi,Arzu, Y1 - 2019/08/20/ PY - 2019/02/13/received PY - 2019/05/08/revised PY - 2019/06/08/accepted PY - 2019/8/25/entrez KW - carotid sinus massage KW - modified valsalva KW - standard valsalva KW - supraventricular tachycardia KW - vagal maneuver JF - The Journal of emergency medicine JO - J Emerg Med N2 - BACKGROUND: For acute termination of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), vagal maneuvers, including the standard Valsalva maneuver (sVM), modified Valsalva (mVM) maneuver, and carotid sinus massage (CSM), are first-line interventions. There is no criterion standard technique. OBJECTIVE: This prospective, randomized study was aimed at analyzing the success rates of these 3 vagal maneuvers as measured by sustaining sinus rhythm at the fifth minute and SVT termination. METHODS: We conducted this prospective, randomized controlled study in an emergency department (ED). We enrolled all the patients who were admitted to the ED and diagnosed with SVT. We randomly assigned them to 3 groups receiving sVM, mVM, and CSM and recorded the patients' responses to the vagal maneuvers and SVT recurrence after vagal maneuvers. RESULTS: The study was completed with 98 patients. A total of 25 (25.5%) instances of SVT were initially treated successfully with vagal maneuvers. The success rate was 43.7% (14/32 cases) from mVM, 24.2% (8/33) for sVM, and 9.1 % (3/33) for CSM (p < 0.05). At the end of the fifth minute, only 12.2% (12/98) of all patients had sinus rhythm. Sinus rhythm persisted in 28.1% (9/32) of patients in the mVM group, 6.1% (2/33) of patients in the sVM group, and 3% (1/33) in the CSM group at the fifth minute (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: mVM is superior to the CSM maneuver in terminating SVT and maintaining rhythm. We conclude that it is beneficial to use mVM, which is more effective and lacks side effects. SN - 0736-4679 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31443919/Initial_and_Sustained_Response_Effects_of_3_Vagal_Maneuvers_in_Supraventricular_Tachycardia:_A_Randomized,_Clinical_Trial L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0736-4679(19)30465-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -