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A psychophysiological investigation of the interplay between orienting and executive control during stimulus conflict: A heart rate variability study.
Physiol Behav 2019; 211:112657PB

Abstract

BACKGROUND

It has been hypothesized that resting state cardiac vagal activity (CVA) - an indicator of parasympathetic nervous system activity - is a specific psychophysiological marker of executive control function. Here, we propose an alternative hypothesis - that CVA is associated with early stage attention orientation, promoting the flexible uptake of new information, on which the later operation of such executive control functions depends. We therefore predicted that CVA would predict the interaction between orienting and executive control. This was tested using the revised version of the Attention Network Test (ANT-R) that was developed to distinguish between orienting and executive attention during a stimulus conflict task.

METHODS

Healthy adults (N = 48) performed the ANT-R and their resting CVA was measured over a 5 min period using ECG recordings.

RESULTS

Multiple regression analyses indicated that, when other factors were controlled for, CVA was more strongly associated with the interaction between the orienting and executive control terms than with either factor individually.

CONCLUSION

Higher levels of CVA are specifically implicated in the modulation of executive control by intrinsic orientation operating at early stages of conflict detection. These initial findings of higher CVA on orienting attention in conflict detection need to be replicated in larger samples.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway. Electronic address: lin.sorensen@uib.no.University of East London, London, UK.Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway; Bjørgvin District Psychiatric Centre, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway; Division of Psychiatry, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway; Division of Psychiatry, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.Division of Psychiatry, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway.Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Bergen, Norway.Section for Experimental Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, King's College London, UK; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Aarhus University, Denmark.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31445015

Citation

Sørensen, L, et al. "A Psychophysiological Investigation of the Interplay Between Orienting and Executive Control During Stimulus Conflict: a Heart Rate Variability Study." Physiology & Behavior, vol. 211, 2019, p. 112657.
Sørensen L, Wass S, Osnes B, et al. A psychophysiological investigation of the interplay between orienting and executive control during stimulus conflict: A heart rate variability study. Physiol Behav. 2019;211:112657.
Sørensen, L., Wass, S., Osnes, B., Schanche, E., Adolfsdottir, S., Svendsen, J. L., ... Sonuga-Barke, E. (2019). A psychophysiological investigation of the interplay between orienting and executive control during stimulus conflict: A heart rate variability study. Physiology & Behavior, 211, p. 112657. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112657.
Sørensen L, et al. A Psychophysiological Investigation of the Interplay Between Orienting and Executive Control During Stimulus Conflict: a Heart Rate Variability Study. Physiol Behav. 2019 Aug 21;211:112657. PubMed PMID: 31445015.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A psychophysiological investigation of the interplay between orienting and executive control during stimulus conflict: A heart rate variability study. AU - Sørensen,L, AU - Wass,S, AU - Osnes,B, AU - Schanche,E, AU - Adolfsdottir,S, AU - Svendsen,J L, AU - Visted,E, AU - Eilertsen,T, AU - Jensen,D A, AU - Nordby,H, AU - Fasmer,O B, AU - Binder,P-E, AU - Koenig,J, AU - Sonuga-Barke,E, Y1 - 2019/08/21/ PY - 2019/02/02/received PY - 2019/08/16/revised PY - 2019/08/16/accepted PY - 2019/8/25/pubmed PY - 2019/8/25/medline PY - 2019/8/25/entrez KW - Alerting KW - Attention network test KW - Attention network theory KW - Cardiac vagal activity KW - Executive control KW - Heart rate variability KW - Orienting SP - 112657 EP - 112657 JF - Physiology & behavior JO - Physiol. Behav. VL - 211 N2 - BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that resting state cardiac vagal activity (CVA) - an indicator of parasympathetic nervous system activity - is a specific psychophysiological marker of executive control function. Here, we propose an alternative hypothesis - that CVA is associated with early stage attention orientation, promoting the flexible uptake of new information, on which the later operation of such executive control functions depends. We therefore predicted that CVA would predict the interaction between orienting and executive control. This was tested using the revised version of the Attention Network Test (ANT-R) that was developed to distinguish between orienting and executive attention during a stimulus conflict task. METHODS: Healthy adults (N = 48) performed the ANT-R and their resting CVA was measured over a 5 min period using ECG recordings. RESULTS: Multiple regression analyses indicated that, when other factors were controlled for, CVA was more strongly associated with the interaction between the orienting and executive control terms than with either factor individually. CONCLUSION: Higher levels of CVA are specifically implicated in the modulation of executive control by intrinsic orientation operating at early stages of conflict detection. These initial findings of higher CVA on orienting attention in conflict detection need to be replicated in larger samples. SN - 1873-507X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31445015/A_psychophysiological_investigation_of_the_interplay_between_orienting_and_executive_control_during_stimulus_conflict:_A_heart_rate_variability_study L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0031-9384(19)30128-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -