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Validation of an Italian version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4-Revised (SATAQ-4R) on non-clinical Italian women and men.
Body Image. 2019 Dec; 31:48-58.BI

Abstract

Appearance-ideal internalization and appearance pressures are empirically-supported risk factors for body image disturbance and disordered eating in Western countries. Such a relationship has emerged also in the Italian context, where high rates of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating are present. The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) and its revisions are among the most commonly used instruments to assess the role of sociocultural influences on body image. Two studies were conducted to examine the psychometric properties of the female (Study 1, N = 732) and male (Study 2, N = 364) Italian versions of the SATAQ-4-Revised (SATAQ-4R-Female, SATAQ-4R-Male). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated that the original seven-factor structure was replicated for women and men. The seven subscales (Internalization: Thin/Low Body Fat; Internalization: Muscular; Internalization: General Attractiveness; Pressures: Family; Pressures: Peers; Pressures: Significant Others; and Pressures: Media) showed good internal consistency and 4-week test-retest reliability. Associations between SATAQ-4R subscales and body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptomatology, drive for muscularity, self-esteem, family influences, and peer influences, suggested good convergent validity among both women and men. The present study provides evidence for the validity and reliability of the male and female Italian versions of the SATAQ-4R.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Sciences, Section of Psychology, University of Florence, Via di San Salvi, 12 - Pad. 26, 50135 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: stefanile@psico.unifi.it.Department of Education, Languages, Intercultures, Literatures, and Psychology, Section of Psychology, University of Florence, Via di San Salvi, 12 - Pad. 26, 50135 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: nerini@psico.unifi.it.Department of Education, Languages, Intercultures, Literatures, and Psychology, Section of Psychology, University of Florence, Via di San Salvi, 12 - Pad. 26, 50135 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: camilla.matera@unifi.it.Sanford Research, 120 Eighth Street South, Fargo, ND 58103, USA. Electronic address: lauren.m.schaefer@gmail.com.Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Ave, PCD4118G, Tampa, FL 33620, USA. Electronic address: jkthompson@usf.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31446374

Citation

Stefanile, Cristina, et al. "Validation of an Italian Version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4-Revised (SATAQ-4R) On Non-clinical Italian Women and Men." Body Image, vol. 31, 2019, pp. 48-58.
Stefanile C, Nerini A, Matera C, et al. Validation of an Italian version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4-Revised (SATAQ-4R) on non-clinical Italian women and men. Body Image. 2019;31:48-58.
Stefanile, C., Nerini, A., Matera, C., Schaefer, L. M., & Thompson, J. K. (2019). Validation of an Italian version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4-Revised (SATAQ-4R) on non-clinical Italian women and men. Body Image, 31, 48-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.08.005
Stefanile C, et al. Validation of an Italian Version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4-Revised (SATAQ-4R) On Non-clinical Italian Women and Men. Body Image. 2019;31:48-58. PubMed PMID: 31446374.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Validation of an Italian version of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4-Revised (SATAQ-4R) on non-clinical Italian women and men. AU - Stefanile,Cristina, AU - Nerini,Amanda, AU - Matera,Camilla, AU - Schaefer,Lauren M, AU - Thompson,Joel Kevin, Y1 - 2019/08/22/ PY - 2018/11/09/received PY - 2019/08/07/revised PY - 2019/08/07/accepted PY - 2020/12/01/pmc-release PY - 2019/8/26/pubmed PY - 2020/3/17/medline PY - 2019/8/26/entrez KW - Body image KW - Internalization KW - Pressures KW - SATAQ-4R KW - Sociocultural influence SP - 48 EP - 58 JF - Body image JO - Body Image VL - 31 N2 - Appearance-ideal internalization and appearance pressures are empirically-supported risk factors for body image disturbance and disordered eating in Western countries. Such a relationship has emerged also in the Italian context, where high rates of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating are present. The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) and its revisions are among the most commonly used instruments to assess the role of sociocultural influences on body image. Two studies were conducted to examine the psychometric properties of the female (Study 1, N = 732) and male (Study 2, N = 364) Italian versions of the SATAQ-4-Revised (SATAQ-4R-Female, SATAQ-4R-Male). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated that the original seven-factor structure was replicated for women and men. The seven subscales (Internalization: Thin/Low Body Fat; Internalization: Muscular; Internalization: General Attractiveness; Pressures: Family; Pressures: Peers; Pressures: Significant Others; and Pressures: Media) showed good internal consistency and 4-week test-retest reliability. Associations between SATAQ-4R subscales and body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptomatology, drive for muscularity, self-esteem, family influences, and peer influences, suggested good convergent validity among both women and men. The present study provides evidence for the validity and reliability of the male and female Italian versions of the SATAQ-4R. SN - 1873-6807 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31446374/Validation_of_an_Italian_version_of_the_Sociocultural_Attitudes_Towards_Appearance_Questionnaire_4_Revised__SATAQ_4R__on_non_clinical_Italian_women_and_men_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1740-1445(18)30499-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -