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When vegetarians eat meat: Why vegetarians violate their diets and how they feel about doing so.
Appetite. 2019 12 01; 143:104417.A

Abstract

Many people who self-identify as vegetarian actually eat meat on occasion. Surveys documenting this phenomenon have become abundant over the past two decades, and recent studies have begun to explain why some vegetarians are more likely to violate their diets than others are. However, qualitative research detailing the experiences of vegetarians eating meat is sparse. In the current study, we surveyed 243 vegetarians, 124 (51%) of whom indicated that they have eaten meat since going vegetarian. Of these 124 participants, 108 provided written narratives about their experiences eating meat, which we analyzed. Participants were most likely to eat meat at family gatherings and on special occasions; to eat meat in order to make a social situation flow more smoothly; and to react negatively to having eaten meat. Participants' narratives suggest that vegetarianism may be best conceived as a social identity, beyond just a diet. Some vegetarians reported that they view their diets as flexible guidelines, rather than rigid rules they ought to follow without exception. This study is the first, to our knowledge, to document in detail how vegetarians reflect on their experiences eating meat.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of California, Los Angeles, USA. Electronic address: rosenfeld@g.ucla.edu.University of California, Los Angeles, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31449885

Citation

Rosenfeld, Daniel L., and A Janet Tomiyama. "When Vegetarians Eat Meat: Why Vegetarians Violate Their Diets and How They Feel About Doing So." Appetite, vol. 143, 2019, p. 104417.
Rosenfeld DL, Tomiyama AJ. When vegetarians eat meat: Why vegetarians violate their diets and how they feel about doing so. Appetite. 2019;143:104417.
Rosenfeld, D. L., & Tomiyama, A. J. (2019). When vegetarians eat meat: Why vegetarians violate their diets and how they feel about doing so. Appetite, 143, 104417. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.104417
Rosenfeld DL, Tomiyama AJ. When Vegetarians Eat Meat: Why Vegetarians Violate Their Diets and How They Feel About Doing So. Appetite. 2019 12 1;143:104417. PubMed PMID: 31449885.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - When vegetarians eat meat: Why vegetarians violate their diets and how they feel about doing so. AU - Rosenfeld,Daniel L, AU - Tomiyama,A Janet, Y1 - 2019/08/23/ PY - 2019/04/23/received PY - 2019/07/18/revised PY - 2019/08/22/accepted PY - 2019/8/27/pubmed PY - 2020/9/26/medline PY - 2019/8/27/entrez KW - Dietary adherence KW - Food choice KW - Identity KW - Vegetarianism SP - 104417 EP - 104417 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 143 N2 - Many people who self-identify as vegetarian actually eat meat on occasion. Surveys documenting this phenomenon have become abundant over the past two decades, and recent studies have begun to explain why some vegetarians are more likely to violate their diets than others are. However, qualitative research detailing the experiences of vegetarians eating meat is sparse. In the current study, we surveyed 243 vegetarians, 124 (51%) of whom indicated that they have eaten meat since going vegetarian. Of these 124 participants, 108 provided written narratives about their experiences eating meat, which we analyzed. Participants were most likely to eat meat at family gatherings and on special occasions; to eat meat in order to make a social situation flow more smoothly; and to react negatively to having eaten meat. Participants' narratives suggest that vegetarianism may be best conceived as a social identity, beyond just a diet. Some vegetarians reported that they view their diets as flexible guidelines, rather than rigid rules they ought to follow without exception. This study is the first, to our knowledge, to document in detail how vegetarians reflect on their experiences eating meat. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31449885/When_vegetarians_eat_meat:_Why_vegetarians_violate_their_diets_and_how_they_feel_about_doing_so_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(19)30546-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -