Aeration-assisted sulfite activation with ferrous for enhanced chloramphenicol degradation.Chemosphere. 2020 Jan; 238:124599.C
In this study, an Fe(Ⅱ)/S(IV) system was designed for the degradation of chloramphenicol (CAP). The pseudo-first-order rate constants for CAP degradation under typical conditions with and without air purging were investigated. The greatly enhanced rate of 0.0099 min-1 with air purging compared with 0.0006 min-1 with no air purging indicated that aeration was significant to the degradation of CAP in Fe(Ⅱ)/S(Ⅳ) system. Radical scavenging experiments revealed that SO4- was the primary oxidant generated from the activation of S(IV) with Fe(II), accounting for around 70% of degradation under weak acidic and neutral conditions. Increasing Fe(II) and S(IV) doses promoted the degradation of CAP, whereas the overdose of them led to a decreased degradation rate by scavenging radicals. Owing to the participation of oxygen in the formation of ferric sulfite complex and SO5-, the increase of dissolved oxygen improved the removal efficiency of CAP. The removal efficiency of CAP was also found to be pH dependent, decreasing from acid condition (initial pH = 4) to basic condition (initial pH = 8). The presence of coexisting anions and water matrix was found inhibiting CAP degradation in Fe(Ⅱ)/S(Ⅳ) system. This work provides an understanding on the working mechanism and possible applications of Fe(Ⅱ)/S(Ⅳ) system in organic compound degradation in wastewater.