Plant-Derived Tandem Drug/Mesoporous Silicon Microcarrier Structures for Anti-Inflammatory Therapy.ACS Omega 2019; 4(5):8359-8364AO
The properties of nanostructured plant-derived porous silicon (pSi) microparticles as potential candidates to increase the bioavailability of plant extracts possessing anti-inflammatory activity are described in this work. pSi drug carriers were fabricated using an eco-friendly route from the silicon accumulator plant bamboo (tabasheer) powder by magnesiothermic reduction of plant-derived silica and loaded with ethanolic extracts of Equisetum arvense, another silicon accumulator plant rich in polyphenolic compounds. The anti-inflammatory properties of the active therapeutics present in this extract were measured by sensitive luciferase reporter assays; this active extract was subsequently loaded and released from the pSi matrix, with a clear inhibition of the activity of the inflammatory signaling protein NF-κB over a period of hours in a sustained manner. Our results showed that after loading the extracts of E. arvense into pSi microparticles derived from tabasheer, enhanced anti-inflammatory activity was observed owing to enhanced solubility of the extract.