Treatment of anthraquinone dye textile wastewater using anaerobic dynamic membrane bioreactor: Performance and microbial dynamics.Chemosphere. 2020 Jan; 238:124539.C
The performance and microbial community structure of anaerobic dynamic membrane bioreactor (AnDMBR) treating textile wastewater was investigated. The reactor showed excellent soluble COD and color removal of 98.5% and >97.5%, respectively. Dynamic membrane layer grown over the 3D printed dynamic membrane support showed decent rejection for high molecular weight compounds (>20 kDa); and the total suspended solid rejection by the dynamic layer was >98.8%. Gel permeation chromatography analysis of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) and effluent samples revealed EPS accounted for more than 76.7% of low molecular weight fractions (<20 kDa) that end up in the effluent. Higher applied flux facilitated the rapid formation dynamic layer which enabled a satisfactory effluent quality. Microbial community analysis revealed that during the operation the archaeal community was relatively stable while obvious changes took place in the bacterial community. Introduction of dye Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) to the AnDMBR increased the abundances of phyla of Proteobacteria and Spirochaetae whereas fractions of Firmicutes and Euryarchaeota decreased obviously. Furthermore, relative stable abundances of phyla Aminicenantes, Bacteroidetes, Thermotogae and Chloroflexi among the top six phyla detected in the system ensured a healthy anaerobic degradation environment for RBBR wastewater treatment.