Patellar Impingement on Tibial Polyethylene after Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty without Patellar Resurfacing.J Knee Surg 2019JK
Patellar impingement on tibial polyethylene (PIP) is one potential complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). When PIP occurs, it is often related to inaccurate restoration of the joint line or due to soft-tissue contracture. We investigated the prevalence and etiology of PIP in Asian patients with deeply flexed knees following posterior stabilized (PS)-TKA. We retrospectively reviewed 54 patients (65 knees) with PIP after primary PS-TKAs without patellar resurfacing performed between 2008 and 2011. These patients were compared with a group of 124 patients (130 knees) without PIP matched for age, sex, and body mass index (BMI). The minimum follow-up was 5 years (range, 5-8.1 years). Patients were evaluated by blinded, independent observers using the Oxford knee score, the Waters score, and radiographic parameters. Impingement between the patella and the tibial polyethylene had a mean onset of 13.5 months after PS-TKA. The development of PIP was significantly associated with change in patellar tendon length (odds ratio [OR] = 11.4, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 11.2-11.6%), shorter postoperative patellar tendon length (OR = 2.1, 95% CI: 1.8-2.5%), change in the Insall-Salvati ratio (OR = 0.9, 95% CI: 0.8-1.0%), and joint line elevation (OR = 5.3, 95% CI: 4.8-5.8%) on multiple logistic regression analysis. Our findings reinforce the importance of accurate joint line restoration and the avoidance of iatrogenic injury to the patellar tendon, which can lead to shortening of the patellar tendon. This is a retrospective comparative study and its level of evidence is III.