Prospective study on the application of a WALANT circuit for surgery of tunnel carpal syndrome and trigger finger.Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol. 2019 Nov - Dec; 63(6):400-407.RE
To evaluate benefits for the patient and the economic impact for the implementation of a wide awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) hand surgery compared to traditional major outpatient circuit.
A prospective cohort study was planned comparing 150 cases of ambulatory hand surgery (carpal tunnel and trigger finger) using WALANT technique intervention out from the operating room; with another 150 which underwent intervention, outpatient setting, with preoperative evaluation, sedation and tourniquet, in the operation room. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative pain was monitored, as well as the days that required postoperative analgesia.The resources used and costs were evaluated. Satisfaction was evaluated using a specific survey.
The pain during the surgery was equivalent for both groups and was significantly lower postoperatively for the WALANT group, with less need for the use of analgesics. Satisfaction was greater for the local anesthesia group. The use of personnel resources and hospital material was less for the WALANT group, with total saving calculated by 1,019€ per patient.
Procedures such as carpal tunnel surgery and trigger finger surgery can be safely performed using wide awake surgery. Patient satisfaction is higher to conventional procedure in the operation room. Pain control is excellent, especially during the postoperative period. WALANT technique for hand surgery represents a benefit for the patient in comfort, timeliness and no need for preoperative tests or evaluation. In addition, it represents a significant savings in hospital resources.