Patients referred for arteriovenous fistula construction: a retrospective outcome analysis.Ir J Med Sci 2019IJ
With lower rates of sepsis and re-interventions, arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred vascular access modality. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of patients referred for AVF construction at a single center in Cork, Ireland.
The current study is a single-center retrospective review of all patients who underwent AVF creation between 2015 and 2017. Additionally, the kidney disease clinical patient management system was used to provide statistics on AVF use in Ireland.
39.3% of hemodialysis patients in Ireland use an AVF for vascular access. Regional use ranged from 50 to 20% across Irish hemodialysis centers. At Cork University Hospital, 192 AVFs were created. The population was 69.3% male (n = 133), 30.7% female (n = 59) with a mean (±SEM) age of 58.8 ± 1.03 years. 69.5% of females received a brachiocephalic AVF (BCAVF) while 13.6% had a radiocephalic AVF (RCAVF) constructed. Significance was seen when comparing gender and AVF type (p < 0.001). Fifty-four percent of the fistulae were brachiocephalic (n = 103), 33% were radiocephalic (n = 63), and 4% were brachiobasilic (n = 8). BCAVF patients (62.7 ± 1.2 years) were significantly older than patients receiving a RCAVF (54.5 ± 1.9 years, p < 0.001). A post-operative thrill or continuous flow on Doppler was present in 99% of patients (n = 190) with maturation and complication rates of 82.7% (n = 153) and 5.7% (n = 11) respectively. 69.9% of AVFs were needled for hemodialysis (n = 114).
AVF outcomes at this center are consistent with reported statistics in the literature. Patient age, sex, and diabetic status may influence the use of proximal AVF. AVF creation rates in Ireland are below international reported recommendations.