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Trichinosis surveillance, United States, 1986.
MMWR CDC Surveill Summ 1988; 37(5):1-8MC

Abstract

Trichinella spiralis is a parasite of carnivorous animals that causes the disease trichinosis. In the United States, people become infected by eating poorly cooked pork products or wild animal meat that is infected with the parasite. Although fewer than 100 cases per year are reported to CDC, trichinosis continues to persist as a public health problem in this country. Public health officials believe that the reported cases represent only a fraction of the total number of cases, since many of the mild or asymptomatic infections are undetected or are misdiagnosed unless they are related to more severe cases. In 1986, 51 cases of trichinosis were reported to CDC from 12 states and the District of Columbia. Thirty-six (71%) of these cases occurred in New Hampshire, Hawaii, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania reported the largest number of cases, 15, or 29% of the total. In 1986, commercial pork products accounted for only three isolated cases of trichinosis. The other cases of trichinosis caused by pork included wild boar or pork purchased directly from a farm. Among those cases in which the food item was known or suspected, pork was incriminated in 26 (61%) cases, bear meat in 14 (33%), and other meat in three (7%) cases. Trichinosis is a preventable disease. The U.S. Department of Agriculture requires that ready-to-eat pork products be heat treated or frozen to kill the parasite before the products are sold to consumers.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Parasitic Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3148105

Citation

Bailey, T M., and P M. Schantz. "Trichinosis Surveillance, United States, 1986." MMWR. CDC Surveillance Summaries : Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. CDC Surveillance Summaries, vol. 37, no. 5, 1988, pp. 1-8.
Bailey TM, Schantz PM. Trichinosis surveillance, United States, 1986. MMWR CDC Surveill Summ. 1988;37(5):1-8.
Bailey, T. M., & Schantz, P. M. (1988). Trichinosis surveillance, United States, 1986. MMWR. CDC Surveillance Summaries : Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. CDC Surveillance Summaries, 37(5), pp. 1-8.
Bailey TM, Schantz PM. Trichinosis Surveillance, United States, 1986. MMWR CDC Surveill Summ. 1988;37(5):1-8. PubMed PMID: 3148105.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trichinosis surveillance, United States, 1986. AU - Bailey,T M, AU - Schantz,P M, PY - 1988/12/1/pubmed PY - 1988/12/1/medline PY - 1988/12/1/entrez SP - 1 EP - 8 JF - MMWR. CDC surveillance summaries : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. CDC surveillance summaries JO - MMWR CDC Surveill Summ VL - 37 IS - 5 N2 - Trichinella spiralis is a parasite of carnivorous animals that causes the disease trichinosis. In the United States, people become infected by eating poorly cooked pork products or wild animal meat that is infected with the parasite. Although fewer than 100 cases per year are reported to CDC, trichinosis continues to persist as a public health problem in this country. Public health officials believe that the reported cases represent only a fraction of the total number of cases, since many of the mild or asymptomatic infections are undetected or are misdiagnosed unless they are related to more severe cases. In 1986, 51 cases of trichinosis were reported to CDC from 12 states and the District of Columbia. Thirty-six (71%) of these cases occurred in New Hampshire, Hawaii, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania reported the largest number of cases, 15, or 29% of the total. In 1986, commercial pork products accounted for only three isolated cases of trichinosis. The other cases of trichinosis caused by pork included wild boar or pork purchased directly from a farm. Among those cases in which the food item was known or suspected, pork was incriminated in 26 (61%) cases, bear meat in 14 (33%), and other meat in three (7%) cases. Trichinosis is a preventable disease. The U.S. Department of Agriculture requires that ready-to-eat pork products be heat treated or frozen to kill the parasite before the products are sold to consumers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3148105/Trichinosis_surveillance_United_States_1986_ L2 - http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00001752.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -