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Past-year use of prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines among adults in the United States: Estimating medical and nonmedical use in 2015-2016.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 11 01; 204:107458.DA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The growing use of prescription opioids and benzodiazepines has become a major health threat in the United States, so it is important to document their use among adults to inform health policies or interventions.

METHODS

This study included 81,186 adults ages 18 and older from 2015 and 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Participants' self-reported medical and nonmedical use of prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines in the past year was assessed along with their demographic characteristics.

RESULTS

In 2015-2016, 41.13% of adults reported using prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines in the past year; 8.24% reported both, 28.59% reported prescription opioids only, and 4.30% reported benzodiazepines only. The majority of adults used the drugs for medical purposes, including 71.35% of participants who reported both drugs in the past year, 90.36% of those who reported prescription opioids only, and 86.24% of those who reported benzodiazepines only. Younger adults ages 18-34 were more likely to use prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines for nonmedical purposes compared to adults ages 35 and over.

CONCLUSIONS

In the United States, the proportion of adults who used prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines in the past year was high; most of them reported using these drugs for medical purposes. Special attention is needed to prevent potentially unnecessary medical co-prescribing of these drugs, particularly among younger adults, who were more likely report nonmedical use of both drugs than older adults.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA; Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Henan, China. Electronic address: cl3106@cumc.columbia.edu.Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA. Electronic address: js4222@columbia.edu.Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA. Electronic address: pm2838@cumc.columbia.edu.Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA. Electronic address: ssm2183@columbia.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31494445

Citation

Li, Chihua, et al. "Past-year Use of Prescription Opioids And/or Benzodiazepines Among Adults in the United States: Estimating Medical and Nonmedical Use in 2015-2016." Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 204, 2019, p. 107458.
Li C, Santaella-Tenorio J, Mauro PM, et al. Past-year use of prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines among adults in the United States: Estimating medical and nonmedical use in 2015-2016. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019;204:107458.
Li, C., Santaella-Tenorio, J., Mauro, P. M., & Martins, S. S. (2019). Past-year use of prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines among adults in the United States: Estimating medical and nonmedical use in 2015-2016. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 204, 107458. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.04.029
Li C, et al. Past-year Use of Prescription Opioids And/or Benzodiazepines Among Adults in the United States: Estimating Medical and Nonmedical Use in 2015-2016. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 11 1;204:107458. PubMed PMID: 31494445.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Past-year use of prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines among adults in the United States: Estimating medical and nonmedical use in 2015-2016. AU - Li,Chihua, AU - Santaella-Tenorio,Julian, AU - Mauro,Pia M, AU - Martins,Silvia S, Y1 - 2019/08/30/ PY - 2018/11/19/received PY - 2019/04/05/revised PY - 2019/04/09/accepted PY - 2019/9/9/pubmed PY - 2020/7/21/medline PY - 2019/9/9/entrez KW - Benzodiazepines KW - Nonmedical use KW - Policies and interventions KW - Prescription opioids SP - 107458 EP - 107458 JF - Drug and alcohol dependence JO - Drug Alcohol Depend VL - 204 N2 - BACKGROUND: The growing use of prescription opioids and benzodiazepines has become a major health threat in the United States, so it is important to document their use among adults to inform health policies or interventions. METHODS: This study included 81,186 adults ages 18 and older from 2015 and 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Participants' self-reported medical and nonmedical use of prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines in the past year was assessed along with their demographic characteristics. RESULTS: In 2015-2016, 41.13% of adults reported using prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines in the past year; 8.24% reported both, 28.59% reported prescription opioids only, and 4.30% reported benzodiazepines only. The majority of adults used the drugs for medical purposes, including 71.35% of participants who reported both drugs in the past year, 90.36% of those who reported prescription opioids only, and 86.24% of those who reported benzodiazepines only. Younger adults ages 18-34 were more likely to use prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines for nonmedical purposes compared to adults ages 35 and over. CONCLUSIONS: In the United States, the proportion of adults who used prescription opioids and/or benzodiazepines in the past year was high; most of them reported using these drugs for medical purposes. Special attention is needed to prevent potentially unnecessary medical co-prescribing of these drugs, particularly among younger adults, who were more likely report nonmedical use of both drugs than older adults. SN - 1879-0046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31494445/Past_year_use_of_prescription_opioids_and/or_benzodiazepines_among_adults_in_the_United_States:_Estimating_medical_and_nonmedical_use_in_2015_2016_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0376-8716(19)30217-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -