[Inadequate, inappropriate sinus-node tachycardia. An old cardiac arrhythmia in a new perspective].Orv Hetil. 2019 Sep; 160(37):1464-1470.OH
Introduction: The inadequate, inappropriate sinus-node tachycardia is not a rare clinical syndrome, defined as a non-paroxysmal, increased sinus-rate at rest, and/or inadequate response to physical and/or emotional stress, and palpitations. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe our experiences with the investigations of our inappropriate sinus-node tachycardia patients. Method: In the last years, 104 patients (92 women, 12 men, mean age: 31 ± 10 years) were treated with this cardiac arrhythmia entity. All patients underwent 12 leads ECG, chest X-ray, echocardiography, Holter-monitoring and transtelephonic ECG observations. The quality of life score was estimated by using the European Heart Rhythm Association scale. Results: Patients had no structural heart disease (physical examination ECG, chest X-ray, echocardiography were normal), the laboratory values (TSH, blood count) were within normal limits, but the resting heart rates were repeatedly high (102 ± 8/min). The results of Holter recording (expressed as minimal-maximal [average] heart rate/min) without drug therapy showed high heart rate values (59 ± 8, 160 ± 14 [94 ± 6]/min). The standard bicycle ergometry showed an average loading capacity of 124 ± 23 watt (heart rate: control: 99 ± 12/min, top: 167 ± 13/min) with early, inadequate sinus tachycardia. To disclose the episodes of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, beside the Holter-monitoring transtelephonic ECG system was used. This diagnostic modality was very useful for the exclusion of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia episodes during the palpitation symptoms. Out of 104 patients, 4 patients (3.8%) showed familiar occurrence, another 16 patients (15.2%) had previous slow-pathway radiofrequency ablation due to atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia. Conclusions: Based on our clinical observations, it can be pointed out that inappropriate sinus-node tachycardia syndrome (1) occurs mainly in young women, mostly in students, inducing decreased quality of life scores (EHRA score: 2.3 ± 0.4); (2) the prevalence in our outpatient clinic was 0.7%; (3) the patient population is not homogeneous: familiar or postablation occurrence is possible in some patients; (4) transtelephonic ECG has been proved to be very useful to disclose episodes of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in these patients. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(37): 1464-1470.