Interleukin-5 levels are decreased in the plasma of coronary artery disease patients and inhibit Th1 and Th17 differentiation in vitro.Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2019RE
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES
Interleukin (IL)-5 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine that has been demonstrated to be involved in cardiovascular diseases, including aortic aneurysm and heart failure. This study aimed to investigate the involvement of IL-5 in coronary artery disease (CAD) and the possible mechanisms.
We analyzed IL-5 expression in human coronary artery specimens collected from CAD patients and deceased donors. Plasma IL-5, IL-17, and interferon-γ levels in CAD patients were detected using ELISA kits, with samples from chest pain patients (non-CAD) as controls. Mouse CD4+T helper (Th) cells were separated, and the effect of IL-5 on Th1, regulatory T cell and Th17 differentiation and mRNA levels of their characteristic cytokines were detected using flow cytometry and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, respectively.
IL-5 was significantly decreased in the coronary plaque of CAD patients compared with the deceased donors group, and IL-5 was mainly derived from macrophages in the coronary artery plaque. Compared with the non-CAD group, plasma IL-5 levels in the CAD groups were significantly lower, and the sequence from high to low was stable angina pectoris, unstable angina pectoris, and acute myocardial infarction. Binary linear regression analysis showed that IL-5 was independently correlated with the occurrence of CAD. Recombinant mouse IL-5 treatment decreased Th1 and Th17 levels and mRNA expression of their characteristic cytokines in oxidized low-density lipoprotein-treated CD4+Th cells.
IL-5 levels were decreased in CAD patients and inhibited oxidized low-density lipoprotein Th1 and Th17 differentiation in vitro.