Office-based CO2 laser surgery for benign and premalignant laryngeal lesions.Laryngoscope. 2020 06; 130(6):1503-1507.L
Patients with laryngeal pathology are often treated with CO2 laser surgery, usually in the operating room under general anesthesia. Although office-based laser surgery using several other laser types has been investigated, prospective studies on office-based CO2 laser surgery are scarce. Our goal was to investigate the feasibility of office-based CO2 laser surgery for benign and premalignant laryngeal pathology by analyzing completion rate, safety, effect on voice quality, and success rate (i.e., no residual or recurrent disease).
A prospective cohort study was performed of 30 consecutive procedures. Inclusion started in June 2016 and was completed in August 2018. Adult patients with clinically benign or premalignant laryngeal lesions who could not undergo transoral laser microsurgery in the operating room under general anesthesia were included. Reasons were either contraindications for general anesthesia, previously failed therapeutic laryngoscopy under general anesthesia, and preference of a procedure under topical anesthesia by the patient. The mean follow-up was 9 months.
Thirty procedures were performed in 27 patients (24 males) with an average age of 62 years. Twenty-nine (97%) procedures were fully completed without complications. The mean preoperative Voice Handicap Index (VHI) score (VHI 44) significantly decreased 2 months (VHI 28, P = 0.032) and 6 months (VHI 14, P < 0.001) after the procedure. Almost two-thirds of patients showed no residual or recurrent disease at their follow-up visits.
Office-based CO2 laser surgery is a feasible and safe procedure that results in significant voice-quality improvement. Almost two-thirds of patients did not require further treatment.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
2 Laryngoscope, 130:1503-1507, 2020.