A Highly Sensitive and Stretchable Yarn Strain Sensor for Human Motion Tracking Utilizing a Wrinkle-Assisted Crack Structure.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019 Oct 02; 11(39):36052-36062.AA
With the booming development of flexible electronics, the need for a multifunctional and high-performance strain sensor has become increasingly important. Although significant progress has been made in designing new microstructures with sensing capabilities, the tradeoff between sensitivity and workable strain range has prevented the development of a strain sensor that is both highly sensitive and also stretchable. Here, a wrinkle-assisted crack microstructure is designed and fabricated via prestretching the multiwalled carbon nanotubes ink (CNTs ink)/polyurethane yarn (PU yarn). This designed structure originates from the mismatch in Young's modulus and elasticity between the CNTs ink and PU yarn during the stretching process. The structure endows the sensor with combined characteristics of a high sensitivity toward stretching strain (gauge factor of 1344.1 at 200% strain), an ultralow limit of detection (<0.1% strain), excellent durability (>10 000 cycles), a wide workable strain range (0-200%), and outstanding response and stability toward bending deformation. This high-performance strain sensor will see widespread improved performance across applications such as intelligent fabrics, electrical skins, and fatigue detection for full-range human motion monitoring.